Early Habsburg

HOUSE OF HABSBURG

Holy Roman Emperors and German Kings
1273-1291, 1298-1308, 1314-1330, 1438-1740, 1745-1806
Dukes of Austria
1282–1453
Archdukes of Austria
1453-1918
Kings of Bohemia
1306–1307, 1437–1439, 1453–1457, 1526–1918
Kings of Hungary
1437–1439, 1445–1457, 1526–1918
Kings of Spain
1516–1700
Kings of Portugal
1580–1640
Kings of Galicia and Lodomeria
1772–1918
Grand Princes of Transylvania
1690–1867

Counts of Habsburg

  • Werner I, Count of Habsburg (1025 / 1030–1096)
  • Rudolph I, also known as Rudolph of Habsburg (1218-1291), King of the Romans from 1273.
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Werner I, Count of Habsburg

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Rudolph of Habsburg (1218-1291), King of the Romans

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Duchy of Austria

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Duchy of Lower Austria

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Duchy of Upper Austria

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Duchy of Styria

Dukes of Austria

In 1278, Rudolph I, King of Germany, defeated Ottokar and took control of Austria and Styria.

  • Albrecht I of Habsburg (1255-1308), King of the Romans, Duke of Austria, son of King Rudolph I. Joinly with Rudolph II.
  • Rudolph II of Austria,(1270- 1290),titular Duke of Swabia, son of King Rudolph I.
  • Rudolf I of Habsburg (1281- 1307), King of Bohemia (1306–1307), Duke of Austria (as Rudolph III), and titular King of Poland 1306–1307, son of Albrecht I .
  • Frederick the Fair (1289- 1330), Duke of Austria (1308-1330) as Frederick I and King of Germany as Frederick III, son of Albrecht I .
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Albrecht I of Habsburg (1255-1308), King of the Romans

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Rudolf I of Habsburg (1281-1307), King of Bohemia


  • Albert II ( 1298- 1358), Duke of Austria (1330-1358), son of Albrecht I. jointly with
  • Otto IV, the Merry ( 1301- 1339), Duke of Austria (1330-1339), son of Albrecht I.

Albert II and Otto acquired the the Duchies of Carinthia and Carniola in 1335

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Duchy of Carinthia

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Duchy of Carniola


  • Rudolf IV the Founder, ( 1339- 1365), Duke (self-proclaimed Archduke) of Austria from 1358 to 1365, son of Albert II.

Rudolf IV acquired the County of Tyrol in 1363.

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Rudolf IV the Founder, (1339-1365)

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County of Tyrol


Rudolf was succeeded by his brothers that at first ruled jointly:

  • Albert III, (- 1395), Duke of Austria (1365-1395).
  • Leopold III, ( 1351- 1386) Duke of Austria (1365 to 1379) and D uke of Styria and Carinthia (1365–1386).

The territories were divided between the brothers and their descendants in the Treaty of Neuberg in 1379:

Albertinian line
Archduchy of Austria
1365-1457

  • Albert III of Austria ( 1349- 1395), Duke of Austria (1365-1395).
  • Albert IV ( 1377- 1404), Duke of Austria (1395-1404).
  • Albert II ( 1397- 1439), King of Germany from 1438. King of Bohemia, King of Hungary, as Albrecht, Duke of Luxembourg and, as Albert V, Duke of Austria from 1404.
  • Ladislas V (Ladislaus the Posthumous) ( 1440- 1457), King of Bohemia and King of Hungary from 1453, Duke of Austria from 1440.
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Albert II, (1397-1439),Holy Roman Emperor

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Ladislaus the Posthumous, (1440-1457)


Leopoldinian Line
Duchies of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola, the County of Tyrol and Further Austria
1365-1490

  • William, (1370- 1406 ), Duke of Inner Austria, Duke of Carinthia, Styria and Carniola from 1386. jointly with:
  • Leopold IV, ( 1371- 1411), from 1386, effectively restricted to Further Austria, 1396-1406 also ruling Tyrol.
  • Ernest the Iron, ( 1377- 1424), Duke of Inner Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola from 1406.
  • Frederick IV, ( 1382- 1439) Duke of Further of Austria from 1402, and from 1406.
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Ernest the Iron, (1377-1424), Duke of Styria


The Elder Ernestine line received the Duchies of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola, also called Inner Austria:
Sons of Ernest the Iron:

  • Frederick III, ( 1415- 1493), as the successor of Albert II in 1440, Holy Roman Emperor from 1443. Duke of Styria, Carinthia and from 1424 as Frederick V, Archduke of Austria from 1457. jointly with:
  • Albert VI, ( 1418- 1463), Duke of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola from 1424, Archduke of Austria from 1457.

Tyrolean Line received Tyrol and soon also Further Austria.

  • Sigismund of Austria, ( 1427- 1496), Duke, then Archduke of Further Austria Count of Tyrol from 1446 to 1490.

In 1490 these territories were handed over to Maximilian I.

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Frederick III, (1415-1493), Holy Roman Emperor

  • Maximilian I (1459-1519), King of the Romans from 1493 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1508. Archduke of Inner Austria, Duke of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola from 1493, Archduke of Further Austria, Archduke of Upper Austria, Count of the Tyrol from 1490, Titular Duke of Burgundy de jure uxoris from 1477 to 1482. Son of Frederick III.
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Maximilian I (1459-1519), Holy Roman Emperor