Hesse Kassel


Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel

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Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 1567-1803

  • William IV (1532 – 1592) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • Maurice (1572 – 1632) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • William V (1602 – 1637) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • William VI (1629 – 1663) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • William VII (1651 - 1670) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • Charles (1654 – 1730) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • Frederick I (1676 –1751) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, Prince consort of Sweden from 1718 to 1720 and King of Sweden from 1720.
  • William VIII (1682 – 1760) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • Frederick II (1720 – 1785) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, Knight of the Garter.
  • William I (IX) (1743 – 1821) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Elector of Hesse from 1803 to 1806 and from 1813, Knight of the Garter.
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William IV the Wise,(1532 – 1592)

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Frederick I (1676 – 1751) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and King of Sweden

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Frederick II (1720 – 1785)


Elector of Hesse 1803-1866

  • William I (IX) (1743 – 1821) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Elector of Hesse from 1803 to 1806 and from 1813, Knight of the Garter.

1806 annexed by the Kingdom of Westphalia, 1813 restored.

  • William II (1777 – 1847) Elector of Hesse
  • Frederick William I (1802 – 1875) Elector of Hesse until 1866

1866 annexed by Prussia.

Branch extant.

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Electors of Hesse

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Electors of Hesse after 1806


Cadet Branches of Hesse-Kassel

Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg 1627–1834

  • Landgrave Hermann IV (1607 – 1658) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg, third son of Maurice(1572 – 1632) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • Ernest (1623 – 1693) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg-Rheinfels, fifth son of Maurice(1572 – 1632) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • William I "the Elder" (1648 – 1725) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg-Rheinfels
  • Ernst Leopold (1684 – 1749) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg-Rheinfels
  • Constantine (1716 – 1778) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg-Rheinfels, also Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried-Rheinfels from 1755
  • Charles Emmanuel (1746 – 1812) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg -Rheinfels
  • Victor (1779 – 1834) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg, Prince of Corvey from 1815 and Duke of Ratibor from 1821.

1834 branch extinct, reunited with Hesse-Kassel

 Landgrave of Hesse-Eschwege 1632-1655

  • Frederick (1617 – 1655) Landgrave of Hesse-Eschwege, eighth son of Maurice(1572 – 1632) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel

1655 extinct, united with Hesse-Rotenburg

Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried-Rheinfels 1700–1755

  • Charles (1649 – 1711) Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried-Rheinfels, second son of Ernest of Hesse-Rotenburg –Rheinfels
  • William II “the Younger” (1671 – 1731) Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried-Rheinfels
  • Christian (1689 – 1755) Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried-Rheinfels

1755 branch extinct, united with Hesse-Rotenburg

Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels 1627–1658

  • Ernest (1623 – 1693) Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels (1649–1693) Landgrave of Hesse-Eschwege (1655–1667) Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg (1658–1693), fifth son of Maurice(1572 – 1632) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel

See above

 Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal 1663-1866

  • Philip (1655 – 1721) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal, son of William VI (1629 – 1663) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  • Charles I (1682 – 1770) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
  • William (1726 – 1810) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal until 1806

1806 annexed by the Kingdom of Westphalia, 1813 restored under the supremacy of the Elector of Hesse

  • Louis (1766 – 1816) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1813
  • Ernest Constantine (1771 – 1849) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
  • Charles II (1803 – 1868) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal until 1866

1866 annexed by Prussia.

1925 branch extinct.

 Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld 1721-1866

  • William (1692 – 1761) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld, younger son of Philip (1655 – 1721) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
  • Frederick (1717 – 1777) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
  • Adolph (1743 – 1803) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
  • Charles (1784 – 1854) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
  • 1806 annexed by the Kingdom of Westphalia, 1813 restored under the supremacy of the Elector of Hesse
  • Alexis (1829 – 1905) Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld

1866 annexed by Prussia.

Branch extant.

 Princes of Hanau, 1853-Present

  • Morganatic descendents of Frederick William I, Elector of Hesse.