Habsburg Tuscany

Habsburg Grand Dukes of Tuscany

Grand Dukes of Tuscany

1737-1801

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Francis Stephen of Lorraine (1708-1765) as Grand Duke of Tuscany

  • Francis Stephen of Lorraine (1708-1765) Holy Roman Emperor from 1745 and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1737. Francis traded the Duchy of Lorraine to the ex-Polish king Stanisław Leszczyński in exchange for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1737. Married  Maria Theresa (1717 – 1780) Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary, Queen of Croatia, Queen of Bohemia, Grandduchess of Transylvania, Duchess of Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she became Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.
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Leopold I (1747– 1792) Grand Duke of Tuscany

  •  Leopold I (1747– 1792) Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792, King of Hungary, Archduke of Austria as Leopold II. Second son of Francis Stephen of Lorraine (1708-1765) Holy Roman Emperor.  Married Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain (1745 – 1792) daughter of Charles III (1716 – 1788) King of Spain. 

 Children:

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Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1767– 1827)

  • Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1767– 1827) Married Anton I (1755 – 1836) King of Saxony.
  • Franz II (1768 – 1835) Holy Roman Emperor later Emperor of Austria. See House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
  • Ferdinand III (1769–1824) Grand Duke of Tuscany, (1790-1801; 1814-1824), Prince-elector and Duke of Salzburg (1803-1806) and Grand Duke of Würzburg (1806-1814).
  • Archduchess Maria Anna (1770 –1809) Abbess at the Theresian Convent in Prague.
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Archduke Charles of Austria (1771 – 1847)

  • Archduke Charles of Austria (1771 – 1847) Duke of Teschen. Married Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg (1797– 1829) daughter of Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg (1768–1816)
  • Archduke Alexander Leopold of Austria (1772 – 1795)
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Archduke Joseph of Austria (1776 – 1847) Count Palatine of Hungary

  • Archduke Joseph of Austria (1776 – 1847) Count Palatine of Hungary. Married firstly Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (1783– 1801) daughter of Paul I (1754 – 1801) Emperor of Russia and secondly Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (1797 – 1817) daughter of Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (1767 – 1812) and thirdly Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg (1797 – 1855) daughter of Louis (1756–1817) Duke of Württemberg.
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Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria (1777 – 1801)

  • Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria (1777 – 1801) Married Francis I (1777 – 1830) King of the Two Sicilies.
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Archduke Anton of Austria (1779 – 1835) Grand Master of Teutonic Knights

  • Archduke Anton of Austria (1779 – 1835) Grand Master of Teutonic Knights.
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Counts of Meran

  • Archduke John of Austria (1782 – 1859) Married morganatically Countess Anna Plochl later Baroness of Brandhofen. The Counts of Meran descend from him.
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Archduke Rainer of Austria (1783 –1853) Viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia

  • Archduke Rainer of Austria (1783 –1853) Viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. Married Princess Elisabeth of Savoy-Carignan (1800 – 1856) daughter of Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano (1770–1800)
  • Archduke Louis of Austria (1784 –1864)
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Archduke Rudolph of Austria (1788 – 1831) Cardinal and Archbishop of Olmütz

  • Archduke Rudolph of Austria (1788 – 1831) Cardinal and Archbishop of Olmütz.

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Ferdinand III (1769–1824) Grand Duke of Tuscany (1790-1801)

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Ferdinand III (1769–1824)  Prince-elector and Duke of Salzburg (1803-1806)

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Ferdinand III (1769–1824) Grand Duke of Würzburg (1806-1814)

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Ferdinand III (1769–1824) Grand Duke of Tuscany (1814-1824)

  • Ferdinand III (1769–1824) Grand Duke of Tuscany, (1790-1801; 1814-1824), Prince-elector and Duke of Salzburg (1803-1806) and Grand Duke of Würzburg (1806-1814). Married firstly Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily (1773 – 1802) daughter of Ferdinand I (1751 –1825) King of the Two Sicilies and secondly Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony (1796 – 1865) daughter of Prince Maximilian of Saxony (1759 – 1838) Crown Prince of Saxony.

Ferdinand was forced to renounce his throne by the Treaty of Aranjuez in 1801: Napoleon created the Kingdom of Etruria, as compensation for the Bourbon Dukes of Parma, dispossessed by the Peace of Lunéville in that same year.

Ferdinand was compensated with the Electorate of Salzburg, and was made a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire in 1802.

In 1805, Ferdinand had to give up Salzburg as well, and made Duke of Würzburg, while remaining an Elector. With the dissolution of the Empire in 1806, he took the new title of Grand Duke of Würzburg. In 1814, after Napoleon's fall, Ferdinand was restored as Grand Duke of Tuscany.

The Order of Saint Joseph was created in 1807 by Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany during his reign as Grand Duke of Würzburg.

 Children with Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily:

  •  Leopold II (1797 – 1870) Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1824 to 1859).
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Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany (1801 – 1855)

  • Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany (1801 – 1855) Married Charles Albert (1798 – 1849) King of Sardinia.

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Leopold II (1797 – 1870) Grand Duke of Tuscany

  • Leopold II (1797 – 1870) Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1824 to 1859. Married  firstly Marie Anna of Saxony (1799 – 1832) daughter of Prince Maximilian of Saxony (1759 – 1838) and secondly Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (1814 – 1898) daughter of Francis I (1777 – 1830) King of the Two Sicilies

 Children by Marie Anna of Saxony:

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Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1825 – 1864)

  • Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1825 – 1864) Married Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria (1821 – 1912).

 Children by Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies:

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Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1834 – 1901)

  • Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1834 – 1901) Married Prince Francis, Count of Trapani (1827 –1892), her uncle.
  • Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1835 – 1908).
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Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1839 – 1892)

  • Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1839 – 1892) Married Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1844-1899) daughter of Ferdinand II King of the Two Sicilies (1777 – 1830).

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Archduchess Maria Luisa of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1845 – 1917)

  • Archduchess Maria Luisa of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1845 – 1917) Married Karl, Prince of Isenburg-Büdingen (1838 –1899).
  • Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1847 – 1915).
  • Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1852 – 1890) renounced his titles in 1889, and was known as Johann Orth.

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Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1835 – 1908)

  • Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1835 – 1908) Reigned from 1859 to 1860. Married firstly Princess Anna Maria of Saxony (1836 – 1859) daughter of John (1801 – 1873) King of Saxony and secondly Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma (1849 – 1935) daughter of Charles III, Duke of Parma (1823 – 1854)

 Child by Princess Anna Maria of Saxony:

  • Archduchess Maria Antonietta (1858 – 1883) Abbess of the Theresia Convent in Prague.

Children by Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma:

  • Archduke Leopold Ferdinand of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1868–1935) renounced his titles in 1902 and took the name Leopold Wölfling.
  • Archduchess Luise (1870–1947). Married firstly Frederick Augustus III (1865 – 1932) King of Saxony and after divorcing him married secondly Enrico Toselli.
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Princes of Florence

  • Archduke Josef Ferdinand of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1872–1942) Married morganatically firstly Rosa Kaltenbrunner and, after divorcing her married morganatically, secondly Gertrud Tomanek. Resigned as head of the House of Tuscany in 1921. Children took the title Princes of Florence.
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Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1874–1948)

  • Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1874–1948) Married Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1877 –1947) daughter of Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta (1841 – 1934).
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Counts of Habsburg

  • Archduke Heinrich Ferdinand of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (1878–1969) Married morganatically  Maria Karoline Ludescher. Children took the title Counts of Habsburg.
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 Archduchess Anna Maria Theresia (1879–1961)

  •  Archduchess Anna Maria Theresia (1879–1961) Married Johannes, Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein (1863–1921).
  • Archduchess Margareta of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1881–1965)
  • Archduchess Germana of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1884–1955)
  • Archduchess Agnes Maria of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1891–1945)