Rulers of Tuscany
Unofficial Rulers of Florence
Cosimo de' Medici (1389-1464)
Piero I de' Medici (1416 -1469),
The balls in chief was changed by augmentation of honour of Louis XI of France (azure three fleurs-de-lys or) in 1465.
Medici Dukes of Florence,
Alessandro de' Medici ( 1510– 1537),
Duke of Penne and also Duke of Florence (from 1532), ruler of Florence from 1530 until 1537.
Medici Grand Dukes of Tuscany
Cosimo I de' Medici (1519-1569),
Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574, reigning as the first Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569.
Order of Saint Stephen instituted by Cosimo I in 1561.
Gian Gastone de' Medici, (1671–1737), the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany (1723-1737) and the last in the direct male line of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Marguerite Louise of Orléans
Habsburg-Lorraine Grand Dukes of Tuscany,
1737-1801 and 1814-1860
Francis Stephen of Lorraine ( 1708-1765),
Holy Roman Emperor from 1745 and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1737.
Arms as Grand Duke
Leopold II (1747– 1792),
Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792, King of Hungary, Archduke of Austria,
and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790
Ferdinand III, (1769–1824),
Grand Duke of Tuscany, (1790-1801; 1814-1824).
Prince-elector and Duke of Salzburg (1803-1806) and Grand Duke of Würzburg (1806-1814).
Order of Saint Joseph : instituted as Order of Grand Duchy Wurzburg in1807, and transformed into a Tuscan Dynastic Order in 1817.
Bourbon Kings of Etruria,
Louis, ( 1773– 1803),
Duke of Parma was the first of only two Kings of Etruria