Early Brunswick

House of Guelph

p060_1_00.jpg

Otto IV of Brunswick (1175 – 1218) was one of two rival kings of the Holy Roman Empire from 1198, sole king from 1208 on, and emperor from 1209. The only king of the Guelph dynasty, he was deposed in 1215.

Early Brunswick

  • Henry the Lion (1129 – 1195) Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156 until 1180.
  • Otto IV of Brunswick (1175 – 1218) was one of two rival kings of the Holy Roman Empire from 1198, sole king from 1208 on, and emperor from 1209. The only king of the Guelph dynasty, he was deposed in 1215.
  • Otto I of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1204 – 1252),first Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1235 . Ancestor of all the Guelph branches
  • John (1242–1277) reigned jointly with his brother, Albert, as the second Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg until the partition of the duchy. John was also the first ruler of the newly created Principality of Lüneburg in 1269.
  • Albert the Tall (1236–1279) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1252 to 1269 and the first ruler of the newly created Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1269 until his death.
p060_1_01.jpg

Otto I of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1204 – 1252) first Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1235 . Ancestor of all the Guelph branches.

Lneburg.jpg

Duchy of Lüneburg

Principality of Lüneburg

p060_1_02.jpg

Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg

(1367-1482)


 Old House of Lüneburg 1269-1369  

  • John of Lüneburg (1242– 1277) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg from 1269.
  • Otto II the Strict (1266-1330) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Otto III (1296-1352) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • William († 1369) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg

 Old House of Brunswick 1369-1373

  • Magnus Torquatus (1328-1373) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg

Middle House of Brunswick 1388-1486

  • Henry I the Mild (d 1416) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • William the Victorious (1392-1482) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg , Knight of the Garter
  • Henry II the Peaceful (1411-1473) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg to 1428. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Middle House of Lüneburg 1428-1536

  • Bernard I (d 1434) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Otto IV the Lame (d 1446) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Frederick the Pious (d 1478) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Bernard II (1432-1464) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Otto V the Magnanimous (1439-1471) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Henry I of Lüneburg (1468-1532) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg  to 1520
  • Otto I of Harburg (1495-1549) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg to 1571
  • Francis (1508-1549) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg  from 1536 – 1539
  • Ernest the Confessor (1497-1546) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg  1520-1546
  • Francis Otto (1530-1559) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Henry of Dannenberg (1533-1598) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg  See Wolfenbüttel
  • William the Younger (1535-1592) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Ernest II (1564-1611) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg
  • Christian (1566-1633) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg, Knight of the Garter.
  • Augustus the Elder (1568-1636) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg

See Lüneburg

p060_1_04.jpg

Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg

(1482-1582)

Dannenberg_1585.jpg

Henry of Dannenberg (1533-1598) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Christian_1566-1633_Duke_of_Brunswick-Lneburg_2.jpg

Christian (1566-1633) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

 Principality of Grubenhagen  1291-1596

  • Henry I (1267 – 1322) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, son of Albert the Tall (1236–1279)
  • Henry II (1296 –1351) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, jointly with his brothers:
  • Ernest I (1297 – 1361) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
  • William (c. 1298 – 1360) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
  • John I (1322 – 1367) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
  • Albert I (c. 1339 –1383) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Prince of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Salzderhelden, son of Ernest I (1297 – 1361) jointly with his brother John II.
  • Eric I (c. 1383 – 1427) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
  • Henry III (1416 – 1464) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  • Albert II (1419 – 1485) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  • Henry IV (1460 – 1526) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Prince of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
  • Philip I (1476 – 1551) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
  • Ernest III (1518 – 1567) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Herzberg
  • Wolfgang (1531–1595) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
  • Philip II (1533 – 1596) Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

 Principality of Calenberg  1494-1634

  • William III or IV the Victorious (c. 1392 – 1482) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, son Henry I the Mild (d 1416)
  • Eric I the Elder (1470 – 1540) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1495 and Prince of Calenberg-Göttingen.
  • Eric II (1528 – 1584) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg  and Prince of Calenberg-Göttingen. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Julius (1528 –1589) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg , Prince of Calenberg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel
  • Henry Julius (1564 – 1613) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg , Prince of Calenberg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel
  • Frederick Ulrich (1591 –1634) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg , Prince of Calenberg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel

Upon Frederick Ulrich's death, his lands were divided between the houses of Lüneburg and Dannenberg, the former gaining Calenberg and the latter Wolfenbüttel.

 

 Principality of Wolfenbüttel 1416-1634

  • William I (d 1482) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel, Knight of the Garter
  • William II (d 1503) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel
  • Henry the Elder (1463–1514) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel
  • Henry the Younger (1489 –1568) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel
  • Julius (1528 –1589) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg , Prince of Calenberg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel
  • Henry Julius (1564 – 1613) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg , Prince of Calenberg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel
  • Frederick Ulrich (1591 –1634) Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg , Prince of Calenberg and Prince of Wolfenbüttel

The Wolfenbüttel line of the Middle House of Brunswick died out in 1634. The title was transferred to the old branch of the House of Lüneburg (New House of Brunswick) see Wolfenbüttel

Wolfenbttel_1582-1596.jpg

 Principality of Wolfenbüttel (1582-1596)

Wolfenbttel_1596-1599.jpg

 Principality of Wolfenbüttel (1596-1599)

Wolfenbttel_1599-1613.jpg

 Principality of Wolfenbüttel (1599-1613)

Wolfenbttel_1613-1634.jpg

 Principality of Wolfenbüttel (1613-1634)