Kingdom of the Two Sicilies


The Kingdom was technically the two separate realms of Naples and Sicily until 1816 when King Ferdinand IV merged the two Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily into the new Kingdom of the Two Sicilies . However for most of this period it was ruled as one entity.

Kings of Naples and Sicily

Spanish direct rule

1516–1713

House of Habsburg

1516-1647

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Charles V (1500 – 1558), Arms as King of Naples

  • Charles IV ( 1500 – 1558) Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 and, as Charles I of Spain, of the Spanish realms from 1516, King of Naples as Charles IV, King of Aragon and Sicily as Charles I until his abdication in 1556. See Early Spain.
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Philip II (1527-1598), As King Of Naples and Sicily

  • Philip I (1527 – 1598) King of Spain from 1556, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 as Philip I, and King of Portugal and the Algarves as Philip I from 1580. See Early Spain.
  • Philip II (1578 – 1621) King of Spain as Philip III, King of Naples and Sicily and King of Portugal and the Algarves. See Early Spain.
  • Philip III (1605 – 1665) King of Spain as Philip IV, King of Naples and Sicily and King of Portugal and the Algarves (until 1640). See Early Spain.

Neapolitan Republic

1647-1648

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Henry II de Lorraine (1614 – 1664)

  • Henry II de Lorraine (1614 – 1664) 5th Duke of Guise, Doge of Naples

House of Habsburg

1647-1700

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Arms of Habsburg Naples

  • Philip III (1605 – 1665) King of Spain as Philip IV, King of Naples and Sicily and King of Portugal and the Algarves (until 1640)
  • Charles V and III (1661 – 1700) King of Spain as Charles II, King of Naples and Sicily
 

House of Bourbon

1700-1713

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Philip V of Spain (1683-1746)


  • Philip IV (1683 –1746) King of Spain as Philip V, King of Naples and Sicily 1700-1713

 

House of Habsburg

1714-1734

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Charles III and VI, King of Naples and Sicily

  • Charles VI (1685 – 1740) Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia and Hungary from 1711 to 1740. From 1703 to 1711 Claimant to the Throne of Spain as Charles III. King of Naples from 1714–1734 as Charles VI and King of Sicily from 1720–1735 as Charles IV.

House of Savoy

1713–1720 

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Victor Amadeus I, King of Sicily from 1713-1720

  • Victor Amadeus II ( 1666- 1732) was the Duke of Savoy (1675-1730). King of Sicily from 1713-1720 as Victor Amadeus I, exchanged this title and instead became King of Sardinia from 1720. See Savoy/Sardinia

House of Bourbon-Naples

1735–1806

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Charles VII and V, King of Naples from 1735–59

  • Charles III (1716– 1788) King of Naples as Charles VII and King of Sicily as Charles V from 1735–59 and Duke of Parma as Charles I from 1732–35.  Founded The Illustrious Royal Order of Saint Januarius (Italian: Insigne Real Ordine di San Gennaro) in 1738. See Bourbon Spain.
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Ferdinand IV and III (1751– 1825), King of Naples and King of Sicily

  • Ferdinand IV and III (1751– 1825), King of Naples from 1759–1798 and 1799–1806 and restored 1815–1816 as Ferdinand IV, King of Sicily from 1759– 1816 as Ferdinand III and King of Two Sicilies from 1816 as Ferdinand I. Married Maria Carolina of Austria (1752 – 1814) daughter of daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary, Archduchess of Austria. Founded The Illustrious Royal Order of Saint Ferdinand and Merit in 1800. Founded The Order of Saint George of the Reunion in 1819.
 

Kings of the Two Sicilies

(1816–1861)

House of Bourbon-Naples

1816-1861

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Ferdinand I (1751 – 1825) King of the Two Sicilies

  • Ferdinand I (1751 – 1825) King of the Two Sicilies from 1816, after his restoration. Before that he had been, since 1759, Ferdinand IV of the Kingdom of Naples and Ferdinand III of the Kingdom of Sicily. Married Maria Carolina of Austria (1752 – 1814) daughter of daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary, Archduchess of Austria.

Children:

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Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (1772 – 1807)

  • Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (1772 – 1807) Married Francis II and I (1768 – 1835) Holy Roman Emperor, from 1792 to 1806, the first Emperor of Austria in 1806.
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Luisa of Naples and Sicily (1773 – 1802)

  • Luisa of Naples and Sicily (1773 – 1802) Married Ferdinand III (1769 –1824) Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1790 to 1801 and again from 1814 to 1824. Prince-elector and Grand Duke of Salzburg (1803–1805) and Grand Duke of Würzburg (1805–1814).
  • Francis I (1777 – 1830) King of the Two Sicilies. See below
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Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (1779 –1849)

  • Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (1779 –1849) Married Charles Felix (1765 –1831) Duke of Savoy, Piedmont, Aosta and King of Sardinia.
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Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily (1782 –1866)

  • Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily (1782 –1866) Married Louis Philippe I (1773 – 1850) King of the French.
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Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (1784 – 1806)

  • Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (1784 – 1806) Married Ferdinand VII (1784 – 1833) Prince of Asturias later King of Spain in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death.
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Leopoldo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno (1790 – 1851)

  • Leopoldo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno (1790 – 1851) Married Clementina of Austria (1798 – 1881) his niece, daughter of Francis II and I(1768 – 1835) Holy Roman Emperor, from 1792 to 1806, the first Emperor of Austria in 1806.
 
 
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 Francis I (1777 – 1830) King of the Two Sicilies.

  • Francis I (1777 – 1830) King of the Two Sicilies. Married firstly Maria Clementina of Austria (1777 – 1801) daughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (1747 – 1792) and secondly Maria Isabella of Spain (1789 – 1848) daughter of Charles IV (1748 – 1819) King of Spain. Founded The Royal Order of Francis I in 1829.

With Maria Clementina of Austria:

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Carolina of the Two Sicilies (1798–1870)

  • Carolina of the Two Sicilies (1798–1870) Married, firstly, Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, the second son of King Charles X of France, and secondly, Ettore Count Lucchesi Palli, Prince di Campofranco, Duke della Grazia.

With Isabella of Spain:

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Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies (1804–1844)

  • Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies (1804–1844) Married Francisco de Paula of Spain, Duke of Cádiz (1794 – 1865), her uncle.
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Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies (1804–1844)

  • Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies (1804–1844)Married firstly Ferdinand VII (1784 – 1833) King of Spain, her uncle and secondly, Ferdinand Muñoz, Duke of Rianzares.
  • Ferdinand II (1810–1859). King of the Two Sicilies. See below
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Carlo Ferdinando, Prince of Capua (1811–1862)

  • Carlo Ferdinando, Prince of Capua (1811–1862) Married morganatically Penelope Smyth and had issue.
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Leopoldo Beniamino, Count of Syracuse (1813–1860)

  • Leopoldo Beniamino, Count of Syracuse (1813–1860) Married Maria Vittoria of Savoy (1814 – 1874) daughter of Prince Joseph Maria of Savoy, Count of Villafranca.
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Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (1814–1898)

  • Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (1814–1898) Married Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
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Antonio Pasquale, Count of Lecce (1816–1843)

  • Antonio Pasquale, Count of Lecce (1816–1843)
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Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies (1818–1857)

  • Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies (1818–1857) Married Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.
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Maria Carolina of the Two Sicilies (1820–1861)

  • Maria Carolina of the Two Sicilies (1820–1861) Married Don Carlos de Bourbon, Count of Montemolin, Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain.
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Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies (1822–1889)

  • Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies (1822–1889) Married Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.
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Luigi Carlo, Count of Aquila (1824–1897)

  • Luigi Carlo, Count of Aquila (1824–1897) Married Januária, Princess Imperial of Brazil (sister of Pedro II of Brazil and Maria II of Portugal).
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Francesco di Paola, Count of Trapani (1827–1892)

  • Francesco di Paola, Count of Trapani (1827–1892) Married Archduchess Maria Isabella of Austria, Princess of Tuscany.

 

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Ferdinand II (1810 – 1859) King of the Two Sicilies.

  • Ferdinand II (1810 – 1859) King of the Two Sicilies. Married firstly The Blessed Maria Cristina of Savoy (1812 – 1836) daughter of Victor Emmanuel I (1759 – 1824) Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia, and secondly Maria Theresa of Austria (1816 – 1867) daughter of Archduke Charles of Austria, Duke of Teschen (1771 – 1847).

With Maria Cristina of Savoy:

  • Francis II (1836 – 1894) King of the Two Sicilies from 1859 to 1861. See below

With Maria Theresa of Austria:

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Luigi, Count of Trani (1838 – 1886)

  • Luigi, Count of Trani (1838 – 1886) Married Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria.
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Alfonso, Count of Caserta (1841 – 1934)

  • Alfonso, Count of Caserta (1841 – 1934) Married Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies. The current lines of Bourbon-Sicily descend from him.
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Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies (1843 – 1871)

  • Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies (1843 – 1871) Married Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria.
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Maria Immacolata Clementina of the Two Sicilies (1844 – 1899

  • Maria Immacolata Clementina of the Two Sicilies (1844 – 1899)  Married Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria.
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Gaetano, Count of Girgenti (1846 – 1871)

  • Gaetano, Count of Girgenti (1846 – 1871) Married Infanta Isabel of Spain (eldest daughter of Queen Isabella II of Spain) later Infante of Spain.
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Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies (1849 – 1882)

  • Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies (1849 – 1882) Married Roberto I, Duke of Parma and Piacenza.
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Pasquale, Count of Bari  (1852 – 1904)

  • Pasquale, Count of Bari  (1852 – 1904) Married morganatically Blanche Marconnay.
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Maria Luisa of the Two Sicilies (1855 – 1874)

  • Maria Luisa of the Two Sicilies (1855 – 1874) Married Prince Henry of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi.

 


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Francis II (1836 – 1894) King of the Two Sicilies.

  • Francis II (1836 – 1894) King of the Two Sicilies. Married Maria Sophie Amalie, Duchess in Bavaria (1841 – 1925) daughter of Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria (1808 – 1888), also sister to Empress Elisabeth of Austria ("Sisi").