Brandenburg/Prussia/German Empire

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Electorate of Brandenburg

Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg (1417-1806)

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Frederick I and VI (1371–1440) Burgrave of Nuremberg as Frederick I, also Margrave of  Elector of Brandenburgfrom 1415

  • Frederick I and VI (1371–1440) Burgrave of Nuremberg from 1397 to 1427 , as Frederick I, also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from 1398, Elector of Brandenburg from 1415, Margrave of Brandenburg from 1417 and Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach from 1420. He was the first member of the House of Hohenzollern to rule the Margraviate of Brandenburg.  Married Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut (1383–1442) daughter of Frederick, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut.
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Frederick II (1413 – 1471) Elector of Brandenburg

  • Frederick II (1413 – 1471) Elector of Brandenburg. Married Catherine of Saxony (1421 – 1476) daughter of Frederick I, Elector of Saxony.
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Albert III (1414 –1486) Elector of Brandenburg

  • Albert III (1414 –1486) known as Albert Achilles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach 1440–1486, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach 1457–1486 also Elector of Brandenburg from 1471. Married firstly Margaret of Baden (1431 –1457) daughter of Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden and secondly Anna of Saxony (1437–1512) daughter of Frederick II, Elector of Saxony.
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John II Cicero (1455 – 1499) Elector of Brandenburg

  • John II Cicero (1455 – 1499) Elector of Brandenburg. Married Margaret of Wettin (1449 – 1501) daughter of William III, Landgrave of Thuringia.
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Joachim I Nestor (1484 – 1535) Elector of Brandenburg

  • Joachim I Nestor (1484 – 1535) Elector of Brandenburg. Married Elizabeth of Denmark (1485 – 1555) daughter of John, King of Denmark.
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Joachim II Hector (1505 – 1571) Elector of Brandenburg

  • Joachim II Hector (1505 – 1571) Elector of Brandenburg. Married firstly Magdalena of Saxony (1507-1534) daughter of George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony and secondly Hedwig Jagiellon (1513–1573) daughter of Sigismund I the Old, King of Poland.
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John George (1525 – 1598) Elector of Brandenburg

  • John George (1525 – 1598) Elector of Brandenburg. Married firstly Princess Sophie of Legnica (ca. 1525 – 1546) daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Legnica, Brzeg, and Wohlau and secondly Margravine Sabina of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1529 – 1575), daughter of George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
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Joachim III Frederick (1546 – 1608) Elector of Brandenburg

  • Joachim III Frederick (1546 – 1608) Elector of Brandenburg. Married Margravine Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin (1549 – 1602) daughter of John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin.
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John Sigismund (1572 – 1619) Elector of Brandenburg

  • John Sigismund (1572 – 1619) Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Cleves, Count of Mark, Count of Ravensburg from 1614 and Duke of Prussia from 1618. Married Anna of Prussia and Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1576 – 1625) daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia.
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George William (1595 – 1640) Elector of Brandenburg

  • George William (1595 – 1640) Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Cleves, Count of Mark, Count of Ravensburg and Duke of Prussia. Married Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (1597 – 1660) daughter of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine.
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Frederick William (1620 – 1688) Elector of Brandenburg, "The Great Elector".

  • Frederick William (1620 – 1688) Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Cleves,Count of Mark,Count of Ravensburg and Duke of Prussia KG. "The Great Elector". Married firstly Luise Henriette of Nassau (1627–1667), daughter of Frederick Henry of Orange-Nassau and secondly Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1636 – 1689) daughter of Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
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Frederick III  (1657 – 1713) Elector of Brandenburg

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Frederick  I (1657 – 1713) King in Prussia

  • Frederick III and I (1657 – 1713) Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Cleves,Count of Mark,Count of Ravensburg and Duke of Prussia. First King in Prussia from 1701. Prince of Neuchâtel from 1707 and Prince of Orange (although disputed) from 1702. Married firstly Landgravine Elisabeth Henriëtte of Hesse-Kassel (1661 – 1683) daughter of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, secondly Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (1668 – 1705) daughter of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg and thirdly Sophia Louisa of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1685 – 1735) daughter of Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Grabow. Founder of The Order of the Black Eagle in 1701.

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Cardinal Albert von Hohenzollern (1490–1545) Archbishop of Mainz and Magdeburg

  • Albert von Hohenzollern (1490–1545) Cardinal from 1515, Elector and Archbishop of Mainz from 1514, and Archbishop of Magdeburg from 1513. Son of John II Cicero.
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Frederick von Hohenzollern (1530-1552) Archbishop of Magdeburg

  • Frederick von Hohenzollern (1530-1552) Archbishop of Magdeburg, son of Joachim II.
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Sigismund von Hohenzollern (1538-1566) Archbishop of Magdeburg

  • Sigismund von Hohenzollern (1538-1566) Archbishop of Magdeburg, son of Joachim II.

Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin (1535-1571)

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John (1513 – 1571) Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin

  • John (1513 – 1571) Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin, son of Joachim I Nestor (1484 – 1535) Elector of Brandenburg. Married Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1518–1574) daughter of Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1489–1568)

Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1688-1788)

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Philip William (1669 – 1711) Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt

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Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau (1682–1750) Abbess of the Imperial Abbey of Herford

  • Philip William (1669 – 1711) Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Prince in Prussia. Eldest son of the Great Elector and his second wife, Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.  Married Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau (1682–1750), later as a widow, Abbess of the Imperial Abbey of Herford, daughter of John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau.
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Frederick William (1700–1771) Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt

  • Frederick William (1700–1771) Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Prince in Prussia. Married Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia (1719 – 1765) daughter of Frederick William I, King in Prussia.
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Frederick Henry (1709–1788) Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt

  • Frederick Henry (1709–1788) Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Prince in Prussia. Married Princess Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau (1716 – 1782) daughter of Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau. 
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Friederike Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1745 – 1808) Abbess of the Imperial of Herford

  • Friederike Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1745 – 1808) the last Abbess of the Imperial of Herford, daughter of Frederick Henry (1709–1788) Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt.

Dukes of Prussia (1525-1701)

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Albert (1490 – 1568) 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights

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Albert (1490 – 1568) Duke of Prussia

  • Albert (1490 – 1568) 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and, after converting to Lutheranism, the first duke of the Duchy of Prussia, which was the first state to adopt the Lutheran faith. Grandson of Albert III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg. Married firstly Dorothea of Denmark (1504 – 1547) daughter of King Frederick I of Denmark and secondly Anna Maria (1532 – 1568) daughter of Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
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Albert Frederick (1553 – 1618) Duke of Prussia

  • Albert Frederick (1553 – 1618) Duke of Prussia. Married Marie Eleonore of Cleves (1550 –1608) daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
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John Sigismund (1572 – 1619) Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Cleves,Count of Mark,Count of Ravensburg and Duke of Prussia

  • John Sigismund (1572 – 1619) Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Cleves,Count of Mark,Count of Ravensburg from 1614 and Duke of Prussia from 1618. Married Anna of Prussia and Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1576 – 1625) daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia. See above.

Kings in Prussia (1701-1772)

 

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Frederick  I (1657 – 1713) King in Prussia

  • Frederick III and I (1657 – 1713) Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Cleves,Count of Mark,Count of Ravensburg and Duke of Prussia. First King in Prussia from 1701. Prince of Neuchâtel from 1707 and Prince of Orange (disputed) from 1702. Married firstly Landgravine Elisabeth Henriëtte of Hesse-Kassel (1661 – 1683) daughter of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, secondly Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (1668 – 1705) daughter of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg and thirdly Sophia Louisa of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1685 – 1735) daughter of Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Grabow. Founder of The Order of the Black Eagle in 1701.
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Frederick William I (1688 – 1740) King in Prussia

  • Frederick William I (1688 – 1740) King in Prussia. "The Soldier King". Married Sophia Dorothea of Hanover (1687 –1757) daughter of George Louis, Elector of Hanover, later King George I of Great Britain.
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Frederick II (1712 – 1786) King in Prussia and later King of Prussia.

  • Frederick II (1712 – 1786) "The Great", King in Prussia and in 1772 declared himself King of Prussia. Married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (1715 – 1797) daughter of Ferdinand Albert Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Bevern. Founder of The Pour le Mérite in 1740.

Kings of Prussia (1772-1918)

German Emperor (1871-1918)

 

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Frederick II (1712 – 1786) King of Prussia

  • Frederick II (1712 – 1786) "The Great", King of Prussia.
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Frederick William II (1744 – 1797) Crown Prince of Prussia

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Frederick William II (1744 – 1797) King of Prussia

  • Frederick William II (1744 – 1797) King of Prussia. Married firstly Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1746 – 1840), Crown Princess of Prussia, daughter of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick -Wolfenbüttel (divorced 1769) and secondly Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751 – 1805) daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He revived the Order of the Red Eagle as a Prussian royal order in 1792.
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Frederick William III (1770 – 1840) King of Prussia

  • Frederick William III (1770 – 1840) King of Prussia. Married Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1776 – 1810) daughter of Charles II Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Founder of The Iron Cross in 1813. Founder of The Order of Louise in 1814.
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Frederick William IV (1795 – 1861) King of Prussia

  • Frederick William IV (1795 – 1861) King of Prussia. Prince of Neuchâtel until 1857. Married Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria (1801 – 1873) daughter of Maximilian I, King of Bavaria
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William I (1797 – 1888) King of Prussia

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William I (1797 – 1888) German Emperor

  • William I (1797 – 1888) King of Prussia. First German Emperor from 1871. Married Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1811 – 1890) daughter of Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Founder of The Royal Order of the Crown in 1861.
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Frederick III (1831 – 1888) King of Prussia and German Emperor

  • Frederick III (1831 – 1888) King of Prussia and German Emperor. Married Victoria, Princess Royal (1840 – 1901) daughter of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
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William II (1859 – 1941) King of Prussia and German Emperor

  • William II (1859 – 1941) King of Prussia and German Emperor until 1918. Married firstly Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (1858 – 1921) daughter of Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and secondly Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz (1887 – 1947) daughter of Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz. Founder of The Order of Merit of the Prussian Crown in 1901.