Early Saxony

House of Wettin

Margrave of Meissen

  • Henry I "the Elder"(1070 – 1103) Count of Eilenburg and son of Count Dedo II of Wettin , inherited in 1075 the marches of Lusatia and Ostmark. Margrave of Meissen in 1089.

Landgrave of Thuringia

  • Frederick I" the Bitten" (1257– 1323) Margrave of Meissen from 1292, Landgrave of Thuringia from 1298 and Count Palatine of Saxony from 1280.


Margrave of Meissen


Landgrave of Thuringia


Palatinate of Saxony


Palatinate of Thuringia


Duke of Saxony

Elector of Saxony

  • Frederick I, ( 1370- 1428), Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony from 1381.
  • Frederick II, (1412-1464), Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony from 1428 and Landgrave of Thuringia from 1440 to 1440. His two sons were the founders of the Ernestine and Albertine branches of the House of Wettin. He is the direct male ancestor of the Wettin Kings of Saxony, Belgium, Bulgaria, Portugal and Great Britain.
  • Frederick I (1370 –1428) Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony from 1381
  • Frederick II (1412 –1464) Margrave of Meissen, Elector of Saxony (1428-1464) and Landgrave of Thuringia (1440–1445)Ernst (1441-1486) Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony, Founder of the Ernestine Branch.
  • Frederick III (1463 – 1525) Elector of SaxonyJohn (1468 – 1532) Elector of Saxony
  • John Frederick I the Magnanimous (1503– 1554) Elector of Saxony from 1532 – 1547 and Duke of Saxony from 1547 – 1554. Deprived of his Electorate by the Emperor Charles V. In 1554, John Frederick I split the duchy between his three sons: see Ernestine Line
  • John Frederick II (1529–1556) Duke of Saxe-Eisenach and Saxe-Coburg
  • John William (1530–1573) Duke of Saxe-Weimar
  • John Frederick III (1538–1565) Duke of Saxe-Gotha


Frederick I ( 1370- 1428)


Frederick II (1412-1464)