Early Saxony

House of Wettin

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Wettin Ancient

Margrave of Meissen

From 1089

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Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia

  • Henry I "the Elder"(1070 – 1103) Count of Eilenburg and son of Count Dedo II of Wettin , inherited in 1075 the marches of Lusatia and Ostmark. Margrave of Meissen in 1089.
  • Henry II (1103–1123) Margrave of Meissen and the Saxon Ostmark.
  • Conrad I "the Great" (c. 1097–1157) Margrave of Meissen.
  • Otto II "the Rich" (1125 – 1190) Margrave of Meissen.
  • Albert I "the Proud" (1158 – 1195) Margrave of Meissen.
  • Theodoric I "the Oppressed" (1162 – 1221) Margrave of Meissen.
  • Henry III "the Illustrious" (1218–1288) Margrave of Meissen.
  • Albert II "the Degenerate" (1240 – 1314) Margrave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringia and Count Palatine of Saxony.
  • Frederick I "the Brave or the Bitten" (1257 – 1323) Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia.
  • Frederick II "the Serious" (1310 – 1349) Margrave of Meissen.
  • Frederick III "the Strict" (1332 – 1381) Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia.
  • Balthasar of Thuringia (1336 – 1406) Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia.
  • William I "the one-eyed" (1343 – 1407) Margrave of Meissen.
  • Frederick I (IV) (1370 –1428) Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony from 1381.

Elector of Saxony

1381-1544

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Frederick I (IV) (1370 –1428) Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony

  • Frederick I (IV) (1370 –1428) Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony from 1381. Married Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1442) daughter of Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
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Frederick II (1412 –1464) Margrave of Meissen, Elector of Saxony

  • Frederick II (1412 –1464) Margrave of Meissen, Elector of Saxony (1428-1464) and Landgrave of Thuringia (1440–1445).  Married Margaret of Austria (c. 1416 – 1486) daughter of Ernest the Iron, Duke of Inner Austria. His two sons were the founders of the Ernestine and Albertine branches of the House of Wettin. He is the direct male ancestor of the Wettin Kings of Saxony, Belgium, Bulgaria, Portugal and Great Britain. See Albertine Line.

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 Ernst (1441-1486) Elector of Saxony

  • Ernst (1441-1486) Elector of Saxony from 1464. Second son of Frederick II, Elector of Saxony. Married Elisabeth of Bavaria-Munich (1443– 1484) daughter of Albert the Pious, Duke of Bavaria-Munich.
  • Frederick III, the Wise (1462–1525) Elector of Saxony.
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John (1468 – 1532) Elector of Saxony

  • John (1468 – 1532) Elector of Saxony.  Married firstly Sophie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1481 – 1503) daughter of Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg and secondly Margaret of Anhalt (1494 – 1521) daughter of Waldemar VI, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen.
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Johann Frederick I (1503 – 1554) Elector of Saxony

  • Johann Frederick I (1503 – 1554) Elector of Saxony from 1532 – 1547 and Duke of Saxony from 1547 – 1554. Married Sibylle of Cleves (1512 – 1554) daughter of John III the Peaceful, Duke of Cleves and Count of Mark. Deprived of his Electorate by the Emperor Charles V. See Ernestine Line.