Dukes of Bavaria


Dukes of Bavaria
1180-1777
Electors of Bavaria
1623-1777

Bavaria was portioned among the various branches from 1180 to 1503. The were called Duchy of Lower Bavaria, Duchy of Upper Bavaria, Duchy of Bavaria-Landshut, Duchy of Bavaria-Straubing, Duchy of Bavaria-Munich, Duchy of Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Duchy of Bavaria-Dachau.

  • Albert IV of Bavaria-Munich “the Wise“(1447 – 1508), from 1467 Duke of Bavaria-Munich, from 1503 Duke of the reunited Bavaria. In 1506 Albert decreed that the duchy should pass according to the rules of primogeniture.
  • William IV of Bavaria (1493 –1550) Duke of Bavaria from 1508 to 1550, until 1545 together with his younger brother Louis X, Duke of Bavaria
  • Louis X (1495 –1545) Duke of Bavaria (1516–1545), together with his older brother William IV, Duke of Bavaria.
  • Albert V (1528 –1579) Duke of Bavaria. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • William V (1548 –1626), called the Pious, Duke of Bavaria from 1579 to 1597. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Maximilian I (1573 –1651), called "the Great", Duke of Bavaria and first Elector of Bavaria. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Ferdinand Maria (1636 –1679) Elector of Bavaria. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Maximilian II (1662 –1726), Elector of Bavaria from 1679-1706 and 1714-1726. He founded in 1726 the Royal Order of Saint George for the Defence of the Immaculate Conception, a dynastic Order of the Royal House of Bavaria. He was also the last governor of the Spanish Netherlands and duke of Luxembourg. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Charles VII Albert (1697 –1745) was Elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. Charles was the first person not born of the House of Habsburg to become emperor in over three centuries . Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Maximilian III Joseph (1727 – 1777) Elector of Bavaria. The last of his line.

 

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Albert IV of Bavaria-Munich

 

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Maximilian I, called the Great

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Maximilian II (1662 - 1726)

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Emperor Charles VII Albert

 

  • Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria, Prince of Asturias (1692-1699), Crown Prince of Spain, son of Maximilian II
  • Ferdinand Maria Innocenz Michael Joseph of Bavaria (1699 – 1738) Imperial Field marshal, son of Maximilian II. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
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Prince of Asturias

 

Clerics of the Bavarian Branch

  • Ernest of Bavaria (1500 – 1560), Prince- Archbishop of Salzburg and Bishop of Eichstädt from 1540 to 1554.Son of Albert IV.
  • Philipp Wilhelm of Bavaria (1576 - 1598) Cardinal, also Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Son of William V
  • Albrecht Sigmund of Bavaria-Leuchtenberg, (1651-1685), Prince-Bishop of Freising and Regensburg from 1651. Son of Albert VI of Bavaria (1584 –1666) son of William V, Duke of Bavaria
  • Johann Theodor of Bavaria, (1703-1763), Cardinal, Prince-Bishop of Liege from 1744, also Prince-Bishop of Freising and Regensburg, Son of Maximilian II
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Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg

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Cardinal, Prince-Bishop of Liege

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Prince-Bishop of Freising and Regensburg




Archbishop-Electors of Cologne 1583-1761
 

  • Ernest of Bavaria ( 1554 - 1612), from 1583 to 1612. He was also bishop of Münster, Hildesheim, Freising and Liège.
  • Ferdinand of Bavaria ( 1577 - 1650), Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1612 to 1650 as successor of Ernest of Bavaria. He was also bishop of Hildesheim, Freising, Liège, Münster, and Paderborn.
  • Maximilian Heinrich of Bavaria ( 1621 - ), Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, was the third son and fourth child of Albert VI, landgrave of Leuchtenberg and his wife, Mechthilde von Leuchtenberg. In 1650, he was named , Bishop of Hildesheim and Bishop of Liège succeeding his uncle, Ferdinand of Bavaria. In 1683, he was named Bishop of Münster.
  • Joseph Clemens von Wittelsbach ( 1671 - 1723), Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1688. He was also Prince-Bishop of Liège, and Bishop of Regensburg, of Freising and of Hildesheim.
  • Clemens August of Bavaria ( 1700– 1761), Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1723 succeeding his uncle Joseph Clemens. He was also Prince-Bishop of Münster, Hildesheim, Osnabrück, Regensburg, the Prince-Provost of Berchtesgaden,and from 1732 Grand Master of the Teutonic Order.

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Ferdinand of Bavaria ( 1577 - 1650)

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Joseph Clemens von Wittelsbach ( 1671 - 1723)

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Clemens August of Bavaria ( 1700– 1761)