Morganatic and Illegitimate Branches

Morganatic branches

House of Löwenstein

1494 – Present

Counts of Löwenstein

1494– 1571

  • Louis I (1463–1524) Count of Löwenstein. Son of  Frederick I, the Victorious (1425 – 1476) Count Palatine of the Rhine and Elector Palatine and his morganatic wife Clara Tott (c. 1440 – 1520). Ancestor of all the Lowenstein branches.

Counts of Löwenstein-Scharffeneck

1571–1633

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Counts of Löwenstein-Scharffeneck

  • Wolfgang II (1555-1596) Count of Löwenstein-Scharffeneck. Line extinct 1633

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim

1571–1636

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Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim

  • Louis III (1530-1611) Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg

1611–1812

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Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg

  • Christopher Louis (1568-1618) Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg. Eldest son of Louis III

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg

1812–Present

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Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg

  • John Karl Louis (1740-1816) Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg. The last Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg following a change of title.

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort

1611–1712

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Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort

  • John Dietrich (1585-1644) Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort.Fourth son of Louis III

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort

1712–1803

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Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort

  • Maximilian Karl Albert (1656-1718) Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. The last Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort following a change of title.

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg

1803–Present

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Dominick Constantine (1762-1814) Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg

  • Dominick Constantine (1762-1814) Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. Knight of the Order of St Hubert. The last Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort following a change of title.

Counts von Wartenberg

1593-1736

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Counts of Wartenberg

  • Ferdinand of Bavaria (1550-1608) son of Albrecht V of Bavaria (1528-1579) Duke of Bavaria. Married morganatically Maria von Pettenbeck (1573-1619). This branch would have been allowed to inherit the Duchy of Bavaria on the line of Albrecht V having become extinct in 1777 but were themselves already extinct in 1736.
  • Ernst Benno (1604-1666) Count of Wartenberg, younger son of Ferdinand of Bavaria.
  • Johann Ferdinand Ernst (1630-1675) Count of Wartenberg.
  • Ferdinand Marquart Joseph Anton (1673-1730) Count of Wartenberg.
  • Maximilian Emanuel (1718-1736) Count of Wartenberg.

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Cardinal Franz Wilhelm of Wartenberg (1593-1661) Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Osnabrück, Verden and Minden

  • Franz Wilhelm of Wartenberg (1593-1661) Cardinal, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Osnabrück, Verden and Minden
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Albert Ernst of Wartenberg (1687-1715) Titular Bishop of Laodicensis in Phrygia

  • Albert Ernst of Wartenberg (1687-1715) Titular Bishop of Laodicensis in Phrygia, younger son Ernst Benno (1604-1666).

Raugrave zu Pfalz

1658-1702

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Raugrave zu Pfalz

  • Charles Louis (1617 –1680) Elector Palatine. By the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Charles Louis was restored to the Lower Palatinate, and given a new electoral title, also called "Elector Palatine", but lower in precedence than the other electorates. Knight of the Garter. Married firstly (then “divorced” in 1654) Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (1627 – 1686) daughter of William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, secondly possibly bigamously and  morganatically Luise von Degenfeld (1634 – 1677) created Raugravine zu Pfalz daughter of Baron Martens-Christof von Degenfeld and thirdly also possibly bigamously and  morganatically Elisabeth Hollander von Bernau (1659 – 1702) daughter of Tobias Holländer von Berau. Morganatic children by Luise von Degenfeld given title of Raugrave zu Pfalz (extinct 1702).

 Illegitimate branches

Counts of Forbach Freiherren von Zweibrücken

1757/1792-1859

Freiherren von Zweibrücken

1792-1859

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Christian (1752–1817) Count of Forbach, Marquis de Deux-Pont and Freiherr von Zweibrücken.

  • Christian IV (1722 –1775) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married morganatically, Maria Johanna Camasse (1734–1807), created Countess Forbach in 1757. Their children held the title Freiherr von Zweibrücken and Counts of Forbach.
  • Christian (1752–1817) Count of Forbach, Marquis de Deux-Pont and Freiherr von Zweibrücken. Order of the Red Eagle. Grand Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph
  • Christian Marianne Wilhelm August Franz (1782–1859) Count of Forbach and Freiherr von Zweibrücken.

Princes of Bretzenheim

 1769-1863

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Karl-August (1769-1823) Count of Heydeck and Prince of Bretzenheim

  • Karl-August (1769-1823) Count of Heydeck and Prince of Bretzenheim, illegitimate son of Karl Theodor (1724 – 1799) Prince-Elector and Count Palatine, Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria. Married Maria Walburga (1766–1833) daughter of Anton Ernst, Duke of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg.
  • Ferdinand (1801–1855) Count of Heydeck and Prince of Bretzenheim.
  • Alfons (1805–1863) Count of Heydeck and Prince of Bretzenheim.

Counts von Salern

1718-1810

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Ferdinand Joseph Maria (1718 – 1805) Count of Salern

  • Ferdinand Joseph Maria (1718 – 1805) Count of Salern, illegitimate son of Prince Ferdinand Maria Innocenz of Bavaria (1699-1738) and Countess Marie Adelheid Fortunata of Spaur (1693-1781)
  • Maximilian (d. 1810) Count of Salern

Counts von Holnstein aus Bavaria

17281930

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Franz Ludwig (1723-1780) Count of Holnstein

  • Franz Ludwig (1723-1780) Count of Holnstein, illegitimate son of Charles VII Albert (1697 –1745) Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Caroline Charlotte Freiin of Ingenheim (1704-1749). Married Anna Maria von Löwenfeld (1735-1783) herself illegitimate daughter of Clemens August of Bavaria (1700– 1761) Archbishop-Elector of Cologne.
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Maximilian Joseph (1760-1838) Count of Holnstein

  • Maximilian Joseph (1760-1838) Count of Holnstein. Married firstly Karoline von Bretzenheim (1768-1786) illegitimate daughter of Carl Theodore (1724 – 1799) Prince-Elector and Count Palatine, Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria and secondly Princess Maria Josepha zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst ( 1774 – 1824)
  • Karl Theodor von Holnstein (1797-1857) Count of Holnstein.
  • Maximilian Karl Theodor von Holnstein (1835-1895) Count of Holnstein.
  • Ludwig von Holnstein (1868-1930) Count of Holnstein.
  • Ludwig von Holnstein (1897-1966) Count of Holnstein.