Palatinate Cadets

Cadet Branches of Counts Palatine

Palatinate-Neuburg 1505-1541

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Philip the Contentious (1503 –1548) Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg

  • Philip the Contentious (1503 –1548) Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1505 to 1541, youngest son of Rupert, Count Palatine, third son of Philip, Elector Palatine. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Otto-Henry (1502–1559) Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg, Elector Palatine of the Rhine from 1556 See Electors Palatine

Palatinate-Neumarkt 1410-1448

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway 1440-1448

Palatinate-Mosbach-Neumarkt 1410-1499

To Palatinate-Neuburg

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John (1383 –1443) Count Palatine of Neumarkt

  • John (1383 –1443) Count Palatine of Neumarkt from 1410, second son of Rupert (III) of Germany (1352 – 1410) Elector Palatine and German King. Married Catherine of Pomerania (c. 1390 - 1426) daughter of Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania.
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Christopher (1416 –1448) Count Palatine of Neumarkt

  • Christopher (1416 –1448) Count Palatine of Neumarkt, King of Denmark (1440–48, as Christopher III), Sweden (1441–48) and Norway (1442–48) during the era of the Kalmar Union. ). Married Dorothea of Brandenburg (1431 – 1495) daughter of John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. See Sweden
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Otto I (1390 –1461) Count Palatine of Mosbach

  • Otto I (1390 –1461) Count Palatine of Mosbach from 1410, Count Palatine of Mosbach-Neumarkt from 1448, youngest son of Rupert (III) of Germany (1352 – 1410), Elector Palatine and German King. Married Joanna of Bavaria-Landshut (1413 - 1444) daughter of Henry XVI, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut
  • Otto II Mathematicus (1435 –1499) Count Palatine of Mosbach-Neumarkt

Palatinate-Simmern 1444-1559

Electors of the Palatinate 1559-1685

to Palatinate-Neuburg (Electors Palatine)

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Stefan (1385–1444) Count Palatine of Simmern

  • Stefan (1385–1444) Count Palatine of Simmern, third son of Rupert (III) of Germany (1352 – 1410), Elector Palatine and German King. Married Anne of Veldenz (c. 1390 – 1439) daughter and heiress of Frederick III, Count of Veldenz.
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Frederick I (1417–1480) Count Palatine of Simmern

  • Frederick I (1417–1480) Count Palatine of Simmern. Married Margaret (1436 –1486) daughter of Arnold, Duke of Guelders.
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John I (1459–1509) Count Palatine of Simmern

  • John I (1459–1509) Count Palatine of Simmern. Married Joanna of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1464 –1521) daughter of Johann II, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken.
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John II (1492–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern

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John II (1492–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern

  • John II (1492–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern. Married firstly Beatrice of Baden (1492 – 1535) daughter of Christoph I, Margrave of Baden and secondly Maria Jakobine (1525–1575) daughter of Ludwig XV, Count of Oettingen.
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Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Count Palatine of Simmern and Elector Palatine of the Rhine

  • Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Count Palatine of Simmern from 1557and Elector Palatine of the Rhine from 1559. See Electors Palatine
  • Louis VI (4 July –1583) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick IV (1574 – 1610) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine (1610–23) and, as Frederick I King of Bohemia (1619–20), he is often nicknamed the Winter King. Knight of the Garter
  • Charles Louis (1617 –1680) Elector Palatine. Knight of the Garter. By the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Charles Louis was restored to the Lower Palatinate, and given a new electoral title, also called "Elector Palatine", but lower in precedence than the other electorates. Knight of the Garter
  • Charles II (1651 –1685) Elector Palatine. Knight of the Garter

 Cadets:

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Rupert (1619 –1682) Count Palatine of the Rhine, 1st Duke of Cumberland

  • Rupert (1619 –1682) Count Palatine of the Rhine, 1st Duke of Cumberland, 1st Earl of Holderness, second son of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter
  • Maurice (1620–1652) Count Palatine of the Rhine, third son of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter
  • Edward (1625–1663) Count Palatine of the Rhine, sixth son of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter

Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim 1559-1598

to Palatinate-Simmern (Electors Palatine)

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George (1518 –1569) Count Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim

  • George (1518 –1569) Count Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim, second son of John II (1509–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern. Married Elisabeth of Hesse (1503 - 1563) daughter of William I, Landgrave of Hesse.
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Richard (1521 –1598) Count Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim

  • Richard (1521 –1598) Count Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim, third son of John II (1509–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern. Married Juliane of Wied (c. 1545 - 1575) daughter of Johann IV, Count of Wied.

Palatinate-Simmern-Lautern 1576-1592

to Palatinate-Simmern (Electors Palatine)

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John Casimir (1543 –1592) Count Palatine of Simmern- Lautern

  • John Casimir (1543 –1592) Count Palatine of Simmern- Lautern, third son of Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Knight of the Garter. Married Elisabeth of Saxony (1552 – 1590) daughter of August, Elector of Saxony.

Palatinate-Simmern-Kaiserslautern 1610-1674

to Palatinate-Simmern (Electors Palatine)

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Louis Philip (1602 –1655) Count Palatine of Simmern-Kaiserslautern

  • Louis Philip (1602 –1655) Count Palatine of Simmern-Kaiserslautern, youngest son of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine. Married Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg (1607 - 1675) daughter of Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg.
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Louis Henry (1640 - 1674) Count Palatine of Simmern-Kaiserslautern

  • Louis Henry (1640 - 1674) Count Palatine of Simmern-Kaiserslautern. Married Maria of Orange-Nassau (1642 - 1688) daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange.

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1444 – 1559

Palatinate-Neuburg 1559 – 1742

Electors of the Palatinate 1685 – 1742

To Palatinate-Sulzbach (Electors Palatine)

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Louis I the Black (1424 - 1489) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

  • Louis I the Black (1424 - 1489) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, younger son of Stefan (1385–1444) Count Palatine of Simmern. Married Johanna of Croÿ (1435–1504) daughter of Antoine I, Count de Croÿ.
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Kaspar (1459 –1527) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken and of Veldenz

  • Kaspar (1459 –1527) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken and of Veldenz. Married Amalie of Brandenburg (1461–1481) daughter of Albert III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg.
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Alexander (1462 – 1514) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken and of Veldenz

  • Alexander (1462 – 1514) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken and of Veldenz. Married Margarete of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1480–1522), daughter of Kraft VI, Count of Hohenlohe.
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Louis II (1502 –1532) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Louis II (1502 –1532) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Elisabeth of Hesse (1503 – 1563) daughter of William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse.
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Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Anna of Hesse (1529 – 1591) daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse.
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Philipp Ludwig (1569–1614) Count Palatine of Neuburg

  • Philipp Ludwig (1569–1614) Count Palatine of Neuburg, eldest son of Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Anna of Cleves (1552 – 1632) daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
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Wolfgang Wilhelm (1614–53) Count Palatine of Neuburg

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Wolfgang Wilhelm (1614–53) Count Palatine of Neuburg

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Wolfgang Wilhelm (1614–53) Count Palatine of Neuburg

  • Wolfgang Wilhelm (1614–53) Count Palatine of Neuburg. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Married firstly Magdalene of Bavaria (1587 – 1628) daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria, secondly Catharina Charlotte of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1615 - 1651) daughter of John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and thirdly Countess Maria Franziska of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg(1633 – 1702) daughter of Egon VIII of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg.
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Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine

  • Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. See Electors Palatine
  • Johann Wilhelm (1690–1716) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine. In 1708 he restored the Order of Saint Hubert.  Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Charles Philip (1716–42) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Palatinate-Sulzbach 1569 - 1604

Palatinate-Sulzbach 1614 – 1742

Elector of the Palatinate 1742 – 1799

Dukes of Bavaria 1777 – 1799

To Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken

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Otto Henry (1556–1604) Count Palatine of Sulzbach

  • Otto Henry (1556–1604) Count Palatine of Sulzbach, second son of Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Dorothea Maria of Württemberg (1559 – 1639) daughter of Christopher, Duke of Württemberg.
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Augustus (1582 –1632) Count Palatine of Sulzbach

  • Augustus (1582 –1632) Count Palatine of Sulzbach, second son of Philipp Ludwig (1569–1614) Count Palatine of Neuburg. Married Hedwig of Holstein-Gottorp (1603 – 1657) daughter of John Adolph, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
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Christian Augustus (1622 –1708) Count Palatine of Sulzbach

  • Christian Augustus (1622 –1708) Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Married Amalie of Nassau-Siegen (1615 – 1669) daughter of John VII, Count of Nassau-Siegen.
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Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach

  • Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Married Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rothenburg (1675 –1720) daughter of William, Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenburg.
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John Christian (1700 –1733) Count Palatine of Sulzbach

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John Christian (1700 –1733) Count Palatine of Sulzbach

  • John Christian (1700 –1733) Count Palatine of Sulzbach.  Married firstly Marie Anne Henriëtte Leopoldine de La Tour d'Auvergne (1708 – 1728) daughter of Francois Egon de la Tour d'Auvergne, Prince of Auvergne and secondly Eleonore Philippina Christina Sophia of Hesse-Rotenburg (1712-1759) daughter of Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg.
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Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Count Palatine of Sulzbach, Elector Palatine and Duke of Bavaria

  • Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1733, Elector Palatine from 1742, as Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1742 and also as Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria from 1777. Ancestor of the morganatic House of Bretzenheim. See Electors Palatine

 Cadet:

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Joseph Charles (1694 – 1729) Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach

  • Joseph Charles (1694 – 1729) Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach, eldest son of Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Married Countess Palatine Elizabeth Augusta Sophie of Neuburg (1693–1728) daughter of Charles III Philip (1661 –1742) Elector Palatine.

Palatinate-Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein 1614 – 1644

 To Palatinate-Sulzbach

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John Frederick (1587 –1644) Count Palatine of Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein

  • John Frederick (1587 –1644) Count Palatine of Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein from 1614, youngest son of Philipp Ludwig (1569–1614) Count Palatine of Neuburg. Married Sophie Agnes of Hesse-Darmstadt (1604 – 1664) daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1569 – 1661

To Palatinate-Landsberg

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John I (1550–1604) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • John I (1550–1604) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken, second son of Louis II (1502 –1532) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1553 – 1633) daughter of William "the Rich", Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
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John II the Younger (1584 –1635) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

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John II the Younger (1584 –1635) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • John II the Younger (1584 –1635) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married firstly Catherine de Rohan (1578 - 1607) daughter of René II, Viscount of Rohan and secondly Louise Juliana (16 July 1594 - 28 April 1640), daughter of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine.
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Frederick (1616 –1661) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Frederick (1616 –1661) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Anna Juliane of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1617–1667) daughter of William Louis, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken.

Palatinate-Landsberg 1604-1681

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1661-1681

To Palatinate-Kleeburg/Sweden

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Frederick Casimir (1585 –1645) Count Palatine of Landsberg

  • Frederick Casimir (1585 –1645) Count Palatine of Landsberg, second son of John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. Married Countess Emilia Antwerpiana of Nassau (1581 – 1657) daughter of William the Silent, Prince of Orange.
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Frederick Louis (1619 –1681) Count Palatine of Landsberg and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Frederick Louis (1619 –1681) Count Palatine of Landsberg and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Juliana Magdalena of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1621 - 1672) daughter of John II, Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken.

Palatinate-Kleeburg 1604 - 1652

Kings of Sweden 1654 -1718

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1681-1718

To Palatinate-Kleeburg

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John Casimir (1589–1652) Count Palatine of Kleeburg

  • John Casimir (1589–1652) Count Palatine of Kleeburg, third son of John I (1550–1604) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Princess Catherine of Sweden (1584 – 1638) daughter of Charles IX, King of Sweden
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Charles X Gustav (1622 –1660) Count Palatine of Kleeburg and King of Sweden

  • Charles X Gustav (1622 –1660) Count Palatine of Kleeburg and King of Sweden from 1654. See Sweden
  • Charles XI (1655–1697) King of Sweden and Duke of Zweibrücken. Knight of the Garter
  • Charles XII (1682 –1718) King of Sweden and Duke of Zweibrücken

Palatinate-Kleeburg 1654 - 1731

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1718-1731

To Palatinate-Birkenfeld

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Adolph John I (1629 –1689) Prince of Sweden, Duke of Stegeborg, Count Palatine of Kleeburg

  • Adolph John I (1629 –1689) Prince of Sweden, Duke of Stegeborg, Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1654, second son of John Casimir (1589–1652). Married firstly Countess Elsa Beata Persdotter Brahe (1629 –1653) daughter of Count Per Brahe the Younger and secondly Countess Elsa Elizabeth Brahe (1632 –1689) daughter of Count Nicholas Brahe af Wisingsborg.
  • Adolph John II (1666 – 1701) Count Palatine of Kleeburg.
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Gustav Samuel Leopold (1670 –1731) Count Palatine of Kleeburg and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Gustav Samuel Leopold (1670 –1731) Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1701 and Duke of Zweibrücken from 1718. Knight of the Order of Saint Hubert. Married Countess Palatine Dorothea (1658 - 1723) daughter of Leopold Louis, Count Palatine of Veldenz.

Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein

To Pfalz-Neuburg

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Frederick (1557 –1597) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein

  • Frederick (1557 –1597) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein from 1556, fourth son of Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. Married Katharina Sophie (1561 – 1608) daughter of Henry XI, Duke of Legnica.

Palatinate-Birkenfeld 1559-1671

To Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler

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Charles I (1560 –1600) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

  • Charles I (1560 –1600) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, youngest son of Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. Married Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1570 –1649) daughter of William VI, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
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George William (1591 –1669) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

  • George William (1591 –1669) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. Married Dorothea of Solms-Sonnenwalde (1586–1625) daughter of Otto, Count of Solms-Sonnenwalde.
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Charles II Otto (1625 –1671) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

  • Charles II Otto (1625 –1671) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. Married Margaret Hedwig of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1625 –1676), daughter of Kraft VII, Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein.

Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler 1600-1799

Palatinate-Birkenfeld 1671-1799

Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld 1731-1799

Elector Palatine and Duke of Bavaria 1799-1805

King of Bavaria 1805-1918

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Christian I (1598 –1654) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler

  • Christian I (1598 –1654) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler, youngest son of Charles I Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. Married Magdalena Catherine of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1607 –1648) daughter of John II, Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken.
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Christian II (1637 –1717) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

  • Christian II (1637 –1717) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1671. Married Countess Catherine Agatha of Rappoltstein (1648 –1683) daughter of Johann Jakob, Count of Rappoltstein.
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Christian III (1674 – 1735) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Christian III (1674 – 1735) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken from 1731. Married Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1704–1774) daughter of Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken.
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Christian IV (1722 –1775) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Christian IV (1722 –1775) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken. Knight of the Order of St Hubertus. Married morganatically, Maria Johanna Camasse (1734–1807), created Countess Forbach in 1757. Their children held the title Freiherr von Zweibrücken and Counts of Forbach.
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Charles II August Christian (1746 –1795) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Charles II August Christian (1746 –1795) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken. Knight of the Order of St Hubertus. Knight of the Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Immaculate Conception. Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Married Maria Amalia of Saxony (1757 – 1831) daughter of Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony.
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Maximilian I (1756 –1825) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken

  • Maximilian I (1756 –1825) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1805, King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I) from 1806 to 1825. See Bavaria Modern

 Cadet:

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Frederick Michael (1724 – 1767) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Rappoltstein

  • Frederick Michael (1724 – 1767) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Rappoltstein, younger son of Christian III of Palatinate-Zweibrücken. Father of Charles II August Christian Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, Duke of Zweibrücken and Maximilian I, King of Bavaria. Fieldmarshal of the Holy Roman Empire and Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Knight of the Order of St Hubertus. Knight of the Order of Maria Theresa. Married Countess Palatine Maria Francisca of Sulzbach (1724 – 1794) daughter of Joseph Charles (1694 – 1729) Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach.

Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen 1654-1799

Duke in Bavaria 1799-1973

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John Charles (1638–1704) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen

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John Charles (1638–1704) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen

  • John Charles (1638–1704) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen, second son of Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler. Married firstly Countess Palatine Sophie Amalie (1646–1695) daughter of Frederick, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and secondly morganatically later recognised Esther Maria von Witzleben (1666–1725) Georg Friedrich von Witzleben-Elgersburg.
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Frederick Bernard (1697–1739) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen

  • Frederick Bernard (1697–1739) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen. Married Princess Ernestine Louise (1705-1782) daughter of Frederick Anton Ulrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont.
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John (1698–1780) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen

  • John (1698–1780) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen. Knight of the Order of St Hubertus. In 1779 the dynastic rights of the descendants of John Charles and Esther Marie von Witzleben were finally recognised. Married Wild- and Rhinegravine Sophie Charlotte of Salm-Dhaun (1719-1770) daughter of Charles, Wild- and Rhinegrave of Salm-Dhaun.
  • Charles John Louis (1745-1789) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen.
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William (1752-1837) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen later Duke in Bavaria

  • William (1752-1837) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen and Duke in Bavaria from 1799. Knight of the Order of St Hubertus. Married Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1753 – 1824) daughter of Frederick Michael (1724 – 1767) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Rappoltstein.
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Pius August (1786-1837) Duke in Bavaria

  • Pius August (1786-1837) Duke in Bavaria. Knight of the Order of St Hubertus.  Married Princess Amélie Louise d'Arenberg (1789 – 1823) daughter of Prince Louis Marie d'Arenberg.
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Maximilian Joseph (1808 – 1888) Duke in Bavaria

  • Maximilian Joseph (1808 – 1888) Duke in Bavaria, father of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Married Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (1808 – 1892) daughter of Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria.
  • Ludwig Wilhelm (1831-1920) Duke in Bavaria. Married firstly morganatically Henriette Mendel (1833 – 1891) created Baroness von Wallersee in 1857 and secondly morganatically Barbara Antonie Barth (1871-1956) Baroness Antonie von Bartolf. He renounced his rights.
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Karl Theodor (1839-1909) Duke in Bavaria

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Karl Theodor (1839-1909) Duke in Bavaria


  • Karl Theodor (1839-1909) Duke in Bavaria. Knight of the Order of St Hubertus.  Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.  Married firstly Princess Sophie of Saxony (1845–1867) daughter of John, King of Saxony and secondly Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal (1857–1943) daughter of Miguel I, King of Portugal.
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Ludwig Wilhelm (1884-1968) Duke in Bavaria

  • Ludwig Wilhelm (1884-1968) Duke in Bavaria. Knight of the Order of Leopold.  Married Princess Eleonore Anna Lucie zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg daughter of Prince Franz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.
  • Luitpold Emanuel (1890-1973) Duke in Bavaria. Last of his line.

Palatinate-Veldenz 1543-1694

To Palatinate-Kleeburg

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Rupert (1506 – 1544) Count Palatine of Veldenz

  • Rupert (1506 – 1544) Count Palatine of Veldenz, son Alexander (1462 – 1514) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken and of Veldenz. Married Ursula of Salm-Kyrburg (c. 1515 – 1601) daughter of John VII, Wild- and Rhinegrave of Salm-Kyrburg.
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Georg Johann I (1543–1592) Count Palatine of Veldenz

  • Georg Johann I (1543–1592) Count Palatine of Veldenz. Married Anna of Sweden (1545–1610) daughter of Gustavus I, King of Sweden.
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George Gustavus (1592–1634) Count Palatine of Veldenz

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George Gustavus (1592–1634) Count Palatine of Veldenz

  • George Gustavus (1592–1634) Count Palatine of Veldenz. Married firstly Elizabeth of Württemberg (1548 – 1592) daughter of Christopher, Duke of Württemberg and secondly Maria Elizabeth of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1581 – 1637) daughter of John I, Duke Palatinate-Zweibrücken.
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Leopold Louis (1634–1694) Count Palatine of Veldenz

  • Leopold Louis (1634–1694) Count Palatine of Veldenz. Married Countess Agatha Christine of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1632 – 1681) daughter of Philipp Wolfgang, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg.

Clerics of the Palatine Branch

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Rupprecht of the Palatinate, (d. 1480) Prince-Archbishop of Cologne

  • Rupprecht of the Palatinate, (d. 1480) Prince-Archbishop of Cologne from 1463, third son of Louis III (1378 –1436) Count Palatine of the Rhine
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George of the Palatinate (1486-1529) Bishop of Speyer

  • George of the Palatinate (1486-1529) Bishop of Speyer from 1513, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
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Henry of the Palatinate (1487–1552) Prince-Bishop of Worms  and Prince-Bishop of Freising

  • Henry of the Palatinate (1487–1552) Prince-Bishop of Utrecht from 1524 to 1529, Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1523 to 1552 and Prince-Bishop of Freising from 1541 to 1552, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
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Johann III of the Palatinate (1488-1538) Prince-Bishop of Regensburg

  • Johann III of the Palatinate (1488-1538) Prince-Bishop of Regensburg from 1507, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
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Johann of Palatine-Simmern (1429-1475) Archbishop of Magdeburg

  • Johann of Palatine-Simmern (1429-1475) Archbishop of Magdeburg and Regent from 1464 and Bishop of Munster, youngest son of Stefan (1385–1444) Count Palatine of Simmern
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Johann III of Palatine-Simmern (1488-1538) Prince-Bishop of Regensburg

  • Johann III of Palatine-Simmern (1488-1538) Prince-Bishop of Regensburg from 1507, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
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Ludwig Anton of Palatinate–Neuburg (1660-1694) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Prince-Bishop of Worms

  • Ludwig Anton of Palatinate–Neuburg (1660-1694) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1685, son of Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine
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Alexander Sigismund of Palatinate–Neuburg (1663–1737) Prince-Bishop of Augsburg

  • Alexander Sigismund of Palatinate–Neuburg (1663–1737) Prince-Bishop of Augsburg from 1690 to 1737, son of Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine
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Franz Ludwig of Palatinate–Neuburg ( 1664-1732) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Prince-Archbishop of Trier

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Franz Ludwig of Palatinate–Neuburg ( 1664-1732) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Prince-Archbishop of Mainz

  • Franz Ludwig of Palatinate–Neuburg ( 1664-1732) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1694, Prince-Archbishop of Trier from 1716 to 1729 and Prince-Archbishop of Mainz from 1729, son of Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine
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Elisabeth (1618 – 1680) Princess of the Palatinate, Princess-Abbess of Herford Abbey

  • Elisabeth (1618 – 1680) Princess of the Palatinate, Princess-Abbess of Herford Abbey from 1667, daughter of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter
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Elisabeth II Louise Juliane von Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1613 - 1667) Countess Palatine-Zweibrücken, Princess-Abbess of Herford

  • Elisabeth II Louise Juliane von Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1613 - 1667) Countess Palatine-Zweibrücken, Princess-Abbess of Herford from 1649, daughter of John II the Younger (1584 –1635) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken
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Francisca Christina of Sulzbach (1696 - 1776) Princess-abbess of Essen Abbey and Thorn Abbey

  • Francisca Christina of Sulzbach (1696 - 1776) Princess-abbess of Essen Abbey and Thorn Abbey, daughter of Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach