Palatinate


Counts Palatine of the Rhine

  • Rudolf I,  ( 1294– 1317),Duke of Bavaria, Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1294. Ancestor of the senior Palatinate Wittlesbachs.
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Counts Palatine of the Rhine


First Electorate, 1356– 1648


Senior Line 1356-1559

  • Rupert I (1309 –1390) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Rupert II (1325 –1398) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Rupert (III) of Germany (1352 – 1410), Elector Palatine from 1398 and German King from 1400. Knight of the Garter
  • Louis III (1378 –1436) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Louis IV (1424–1449) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick I, the Victorious (1425–1476) Elector Palatine of the Rhine, Ancestor of the morganatic House of Löwenstein-Wertheim
  • Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Louis V (1478 –1544) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick II (1482 –1556) Elector Palatine of the Rhine. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Otto-Henry (1502–1559) Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1505, Elector Palatine of the Rhine from 1556

 

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Rupert I (1309 –1390) Elector Palatine of the Rhine

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Rupert (III) of Germany


Younger sons of Rupert III:

  • John, (1383–1443), Count Palatine of Neumarkt from 1410. His son was:
  • Christopher of Bavaria (Christopher III) ( 1416- 1448), King of Denmark from 1440, Sweden from1441 and Norway from1442. Line extinct.
  • Stefan, ( 1385–1459), Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken from 1410, and Count Palatine of Veldenz and Sponheim from 1444. Ancestor of all the modern Wittlesbachs.
  • Otto I, ( 1390–1461), Count Palatine of Mosbach. Line extinct 1509.
  • Frederick I, (1425-1476), Count Palatine of the Rhine and Elector Palatine from 1451. Ancestor of the morganatic Wittlesbachs, Counts and Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim.
  • Rupprecht of the Palatinate, (d. 1480), Prince-Archbishop of Cologne from 1463.
  • George of the Palatinate (1486-1529), Bishop of Speyer from 1513.

Simmern Line 1559-1623

  • Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Count Palatine of Simmern from 1557and Elector Palatine of the Rhine from 1559.
  • Louis VI (4 July –1583) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick IV (1574 – 1610) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine (1610–23) and, as Frederick I King of Bohemia (1619–20), he is often nicknamed the Winter King

 


 

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Frederick III (1515–1576)

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The Winter King



Second Electorate, 1648– 1777


Restored Simmern Line 1648-1685

  • Charles Louis (1617 –1680) Elector Palatine. By the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Charles Louis was restored to the Lower Palatinate, and given a new electoral title, also called "Elector Palatine", but lower in precedence than the other electorates.
  • Charles II (1651 –1685) Elector Palatine

Neuburg Line 1685-1742

  • Philip William of Neuburg (1615 –1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
  • Johann Wilhelm II (1658 –1716) Elector Palatine (1690–1716), Duke Palatine of Neuburg/Danube (1690–1716), Duke of Jülich and Berg (1679–1716), and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham (1707–1714). From 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was also Count of Megen. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
  • Charles III Philip (1661 –1742) Elector Palatine, Count of Palatinate-Neuburg, and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1716 to 1742. Until 1728 Charles III Philip was also Count of Megen. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Sulzbach Line 1742– 1777

  • Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1733, Elector Palatine from 1742, as Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1742 and also as Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria from 1777. Ancestor of the morganatic House of Bretzenheim.

Cadet Branches

Palatinate-Neuburg  1505-1541

  • Philip the Contentious (1503 –1548) Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1505 to 1541, youngest son of Rupert, Count Palatine, third son of Philip, Elector Palatine. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Otto-Henry (1502–1559) Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg, Elector Palatine of the Rhine from 1556

 Palatinate-Neumarkt 1410-1448

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway 1440-1448

Palatinate- Mosbach -Neumarkt 1410-1499

Palatinate-Neuburg

  • John (1383 –1443) Count Palatine of Neumarkt from 1410, second son of Rupert (III) of Germany (1352 – 1410), Elector Palatine and German King
  • Christopher (1416 –1448) Count Palatine of Neumarkt, King of Denmark (1440–48, as Christopher III), Sweden (1441–48) and Norway (1442–48) during the era of the Kalmar Union.
  • Otto I (1390 –1461) Count Palatine of Mosbach from 1410, Count Palatine of Mosbach-Neumarkt from 1448, youngest son of Rupert (III) of Germany (1352 – 1410), Elector Palatine and German King
  • Otto II Mathematicus (1435 –1499) Count Palatine of Neumarkt

 Palatinate-Simmern 1444-1559

Electors of the Palatinate 1559-1685

  • Stefan (1385–1444) Count Palatine of Simmern, third son of Rupert (III) of Germany (1352 – 1410), Elector Palatine and German King
  • Frederick I (1417–1480) Count Palatine of Simmern
  • John I (1459–1509) Count Palatine of Simmern
  • John II (1492–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern
  • Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Count Palatine of Simmern from 1557and Elector Palatine of the Rhine from 1559.
  • Louis VI (4 July –1583) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick IV (1574 – 1610) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine (1610–23) and, as Frederick I King of Bohemia (1619–20), he is often nicknamed the Winter King. Knight of the Garter
  • Charles Louis (1617 –1680) Elector Palatine. Knight of the Garter. By the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Charles Louis was restored to the Lower Palatinate, and given a new electoral title, also called "Elector Palatine", but lower in precedence than the other electorates.
  • Charles II (1651 –1685) Elector Palatine. Knight of the Garter

 

  • Rupert (1619 –1682) Count Palatine of the Rhine, 1st Duke of Cumberland, 1st Earl of Holderness, second son of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter
  • Maurice (1620–1652) Count Palatine of the Rhine, third son of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter
  • Edward (1625–1663) Count Palatine of the Rhine, sixth son of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter
  • Elisabeth (1618 – 1680) Princess of the Palatinate, Princess-Abbess of Herford Abbey from 1667, daughter of Frederick V (1596 –1632) Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia. Knight of the Garter

  Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim 1559-1598

  • George (1518 –1569) Count Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim, second son of John II (1509–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern
  • Richard (1521 –1598) Count Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim, third son of John II (1509–1557) Count Palatine of Simmern

 Palatine of Simmern- Lautern 1576-1592

  • John Casimir (1543 –1592) Count Palatine of Simmern- Lautern, third son of Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious (1515 – 1576) Knight of the Garter

 Palatinate-Simmern-Kaiserslautern 1610-1674

  • Louis Philip (1602 –1655) Count Palatine of Simmern-Kaiserslautern, youngest son of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine.
  • Louis Henry (1640 - 1674) Count Palatine of Simmern-Kaiserslautern

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1444 – 1559

Palatinate -Neuburg 1559 – 1742

Electors of the Palatinate 1685 – 1742

  • Louis I the Black (1424 - 1489) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
  • Kaspar (1459 –1527) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken and of Veldenz
  • Alexander (1462 – 1514) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken and of Veldenz
  • Louis II (1502 –1532) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Philipp Ludwig (1569–1614) Count Palatine of Neuburg
  • Wolfgang Wilhelm (1614–53) Count Palatine of Neuburg. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Johann Wilhelm (1690–1716) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine. In 1708 he restored the Order of Saint Hubert.  Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Charles Philip (1716–42) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Palatinate-Sulzbach 1569 - 1604

Palatinate-Sulzbach 1614 – 1742

Elector of the Palatinate 1742 - 1799

  • Otto Henry (1556–1604) Count Palatine of Sulzbach, second son of Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Augustus (1582 –1632) Count Palatine of Sulzbach, second son of Philipp Ludwig (1569–1614) Count Palatine of Neuburg
  • Christian Augustus (1622 –1708) Count Palatine of Sulzbach
  • Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • John Christian (1700 –1733) Count Palatine of Sulzbach
  • Charles Theodore (1724 –1799) Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1733, Elector Palatine from 1742, as Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1742 and also as Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria from 1777. Ancestor of the morganatic House of Bretzenheim.

 

  • Joseph Charles (1694 – 1729) Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach, eldest son of Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece

 

  • Francisca Christina (1696 - 1776) Countess Palatine of Sulzbach, Princess-Abbess of Essen Abbey and Thorn Abbey from 1726, daughter of Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece

 Palatinate-Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein 1614 – 1644.

  • John Frederick (1587 –1644) Count Palatine of Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein from 1614, youngest son of Philipp Ludwig (1569–1614) Count Palatine of Neuburg

 Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1569 – 1661

  • John I (1550–1604) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken, second son of Louis II (1502 –1532)
  • John II the Younger (1584 –1635) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Frederick (1616 –1661) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

 

  • Elisabeth II Louise Juliane von Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1613 - 1667) Countess Palatine-Zweibrücken, Princess-Abbess of Herford from 1649, daughter of John II the Younger (1584 –1635)

Palatinate-Landsberg 1604-1681

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1661-1681

  • Frederick Casimir (1585 –1645) Count Palatine of Landsberg, second son of John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
  • Frederick Louis (1619 –1681) Count Palatine of Landsberg and Duke of Zweibrücken

Palatinate-Kleeburg 1604 - 1652

King of Sweden 1654 -1718

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1681-1718

  • John Casimir (1589–1652) Count Palatine of Kleeburg married Catherine of Sweden, third son of John I Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Charles X Gustav (1622 –1660) Count Palatine of Kleeburg and King of Sweden from1654
  • Charles XI (1655–1697) King of Sweden and Duke of Zweibrücken. Knight of the Garter
  • Charles XII (1682 –1718) King of Sweden and Duke of Zweibrücken

Palatinate-Kleeburg 1654 - 1731

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1718-1731

  • Adolph John I (1629 –1689) Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1654, second son of John Casimir (1589–1652)
  • Adolph John II (1666 – 1701) Count Palatine of Kleeburg
  • Gustav Samuel Leopold (1670 –1731) Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1701 and Duke of Zweibrücken from 1718.

Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein

  • Frederick (1557 –1597) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein from 1556, third son of Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken

Palatinate-Birkenfeld 1559-1671

  • Charles I (1560 –1600) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, youngest son of Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
  • George William (1591 –1669) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
  • Charles II Otto (1625 –1671) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

 

  • Anna Sophia I (1619 - 1680) Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg from 1645, daughter of Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler 1600-1799

Palatinate-Birkenfeld 1671-1799

Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1731-1799

  • Christian I (1598 –1654) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler, youngest son of Charles I Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
  • Christian II (1637 –1717) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1671
  • Christian III (1674 – 1735) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken from 1731.
  • Christian IV (1722 –1775) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Charles II August Christian (1746 –1795) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Maximilian I (1756 –1825) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld and Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1805, King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I) from 1806 to 1825. See Bavaria Modern

 

  • Frederick Michael (1724 – 1767) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, younger son of Christian III of Palatinate-Zweibrücken. Father of Maximilian I, King of Bavaria. Fieldmarshal of the Holy Roman Empire and Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen 1654-1799

Duke in Bavaria 1799-1973

  • John Charles (1638–1704) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen, second son of Charles I (1560 –1600) Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
  • Frederick Bernard (1697–1739) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen
  • John (1698–1780) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen
  • Charles John Louis (1745-1789) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen
  • William (1752-1837) Count Palatine of Birkenfeld – Gelnhausen and Duke in Bavaria from 1799
  • Pius August (1786-1837) Duke in Bavaria
  • Ludwig Wilhelm (1831-1920) Duke in Bavaria
  • Karl Theodor (1839-1909) Duke in Bavaria
  • Ludwig Wilhelm (1884-1968) Duke in Bavaria
  • Luitpold Emanuel (1890-1973) Duke in Bavaria

 

  • Maximilian Joseph (1808 – 1888) Duke in Bavaria, father of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Karl-Theodor (1839 –1909) Duke in Bavaria, son of Maximilian Joseph.  Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Maximilian Emanuel (1849 –1893) Duke in Bavaria, son of Maximilian Joseph.  Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Ludwig Wilhelm (1884–1968) Duke in Bavaria, son of Karl-Theodor. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Palatinate-Veldenz 1543-1694

  • Rupert (1506 – 1544) Count Palatine of Veldenz, uncle of Wolfgang (1526–1569) Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken
  • Georg Johann I (1543–1592) Count Palatine of Veldenz
  • George Gustavus (1592–1634) Count Palatine of Veldenz
  • Leopold Louis, (1634–1694) Count Palatine of Veldenz, died without heir, Veldenz returned to Zweibrücken

 Clerics of the Palatine Branch

  • Rupprecht of the Palatinate, (d. 1480), Prince-Archbishop of Cologne from 1463, third son of Louis III (1378 –1436) Count Palatine of the Rhine
  • George of the Palatinate (1486-1529), Bishop of Speyer from 1513, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Henry of the Palatinate (1487–1552) Prince-Bishop of Utrecht from 1524 to 1529, Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1523 to 1552 and Prince-Bishop of Freising from 1541 to 1552, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Johann III of the Palatinate (1488-1538), Prince-Bishop of Regensburg from 1507, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Johann of Palatine-Simmern, (1429-1475), Archbishop of Magdeburg and Regent from 1464 and Bishop of Munster, youngest son of Stefan (1385–1444) Count Palatine of Simmern
  • Johann III of Palatine-Simmern (1488-1538), Prince-Bishop of Regensburg from 1507, son of Philip the Upright (1448–1508) Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Ludwig Anton of Palatinate–Neuburg (1660-1694) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1685, son of Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Alexander Sigismund of Palatinate–Neuburg (1663–1737) was the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg from 1690 to 1737, son of Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Franz Ludwig of Palatinate–Neuburg ( 1664-1732) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1694, Prince- Archbishop of Trier from1716 to 1729 and Prince- Archbishop of Mainz from1729, son of Philip William (1653–1690) Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine of the Rhine
  • Francisca Christina of Sulzbach (1696 - 1776) Princess-abbess of Essen Abbey and Thorn Abbey, daughter of Theodore Eustace (1659 –1732) Count Palatine of Sulzbach

 

Prince of Bretzenheim

  • Karl-August,(1769-1823),Count of Heydeck and Prince of Bretzenheim, illegitimate son of Karl Theodor, (1724 – 1799), Prince-Elector and Count Palatine, Prince-Elector and Duke of Bavaria. Line extinct.
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Prince of Bretzenheim




Counts of Lowenstein ( 1494– 1571)

  • Louis I, Count of Löwenstein 1494–1524.

Ancestor of all the Lowenstein branches.

Counts of Löwenstein-Scharffeneck (1571–1633)

  • Wolfgang II, Count of Löwenstein-Scharffeneck 1571–1596 line extinct 1633

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim (1571–1636)

  • Louis III, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim 1571–1611

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg (1611–1812)

  • Christopher Louis, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg 1611–1618. Eldest son of Louis III

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (1812–Present)

  • John Karl Louis, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg 1812–1816. The last Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg following a change of title.

Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (1611–1712)

  • John Dietrich, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort 1611–1644. Fourth son of Louis III

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (1712–1803)

  • Maximilian Karl Albert, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort 1712–1718. The last Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort following a change of title.

Princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1803–Present)

  • Dominick Constantine, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 1803–1814. The last Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort following a change of title.