Early Hesse

Landgraves of Hesse

Landgraves of Hesse 1264–1458

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Henry I of Hesse, (1244 – 1308)

  • Henry I (1244–1308) Landgrave of Hesse from 1264. Son of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Sophie of Thuringia.
  • Otto I (c. 1272 – 1328) Landgrave of Hesse
  • Henry II (1299 –1376) Landgrave of Hesse
  • Hermann II (1341 – 1413) Landgrave of Hesse
  • Louis I (1402 - 1458)

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Landgraves of Hesse 1450-1479

  • Hermann IV of Hesse (1450 - 1508) Prince-Archbishop of Cologne from 1480. Son of Louis I.
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Hermann IV of Hesse (1450 - 1508) Prince-Archbishop of Cologne

Landgraves of Lower Hesse (Kassel) 1458–1500

  • Louis II (1438 –1471) Landgrave of Lower Hesse
  • William I (1466–1515) Landgrave of Lower Hesse
  • William II (1469–1509) Landgrave of Lower Hesse , reunited Hesse in 1500

 Landgraves of Upper Hesse (Marburg) 1458–1500

  • Henry III (1440 –1483) Landgrave of Upper Hesse, second son of Louis I
  • William III "the Younger"(1471 –1500) Landgrave of Upper Hesse

 Landgraves of Hesse 1500–1567

  • William II (1469–1509) Landgrave of Lower Hesse, reunited Hesse in 1500
  • Philip I the Magnanimous (1504-1567) Landgrave of Hesse

In 1567 Hesse was divided between his four sons:

  • William IV (1532 – 1592) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel,  see Hesse-Kassel  
  • Louis IV (1537 – 1604) Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg, see below
  • Philip II (1541 – 1583) Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels, see below
  • George I (1547 –1596) Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, see Hesse-Darmstadt


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Philip I the Magnanimous,(1504 - 1567)


Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel, 1567– Present

See Hesse-Kassel

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Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel



Landgraves of Hesse-Marburg, 1567–1604

  • Louis IV (1537 – 1604) Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg

In 1604 extinct and disputed between Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt, 1648 divided between the two lines.

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Landgraves of Hesse-Marburg


Landgraves of Hesse-Rheinfels, 1567–1583


  • Philip the Younger, third son of Philip the Magnanimous, 1567–1583

1583 extinct and divided between Hesse-Kassel, Hesse-Marburg and Hesse-Darmstadt.

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Landgraves of Hesse-Rheinfels


Landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt, 1567–1968

See Hesse-Darmstadt

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Landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt