Holstein-Gottorp

 

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Counts of Oldenburg

1101-1667

Counts of Delmenhorst

1404-1667

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Counts of Oldenburg

  • Elimar I, the first Count of Oldenburg from 1101 to 1108.
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Counts of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst

  • Dietrich of Oldenburg (c.1398– 1440) Count of Delmenhorst and Oldenburg from 1423.

Sons of Dietrich of Oldenburg:

  • Christian (1426-1481) Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst, and later King Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, as well as Duke of Schleswig and Holstein from 1448. Order of the White Elephant founded by 1462. See Denmark/See below

Ancestor of all future lines.

  • Maurice (1428-1464) Count of Delmenhorst from 1448.

Line extinct 1483

  •  Gerhard (1430-1500) Count of Oldenburg from1448 and Count of Delmenhorst from 1483.
  • Anthony Günther (1583 – 1667) Count of Oldenburg 1603–1667. Last of the senior line of Oldenburg. Married Sophie Catherine (1617 –1696) daughter of Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.

Line extinct 1667

King of Livonia

1570-1583

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Magnus (1540–1583) King of Livonia

  • Magnus (1540–1583) Duke of Holstein, titular King of Livonia from 1570 to 1578. Second son of Christian III (1503-1559) King of Denmark.

Counts of Oldenburg

1667-1773

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Anthony Günther (1583 – 1667) Count of Oldenburg

  • Anthony Günther (1583 – 1667) Count of Oldenburg 1603–1667. Last of the senior line of Oldenburg. Married Sophie Catherine (1617 –1696) daughter of Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
  • Frederick III (1609 – 1670), King of Denmark and Norway. Duke of Holstein and Duke of Schleswig (1648–1670), with Frederick III (Gottorp) (1616–1659), Christian Albert (Gottorp) (1659–1695). Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Verden as Frederick II (1623–1629) and (1635–1644) Administrator of the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen as Frederick II (1635–1645), Count of Oldenburg in personal union (1667–1670) as Frederick I . Married Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1628 – 1685) daughter of George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. See Denmark
  • Christian V (1646–1699), King of Denmark and Norway. Duke of Holstein and Schleswig (1670–1699) with Christian Albert (Gottorp) (1670–1695), Frederick IV (Gottorp) (1695–1699), Count of Oldenburg in personal union (1670–1699) as Christian VIII.  Married Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (1650 – 1714) daughter of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel .Founder of The Order of the Dannebrog in 1671.  See Denmark
  • Frederick IV (1671 – 1730), King of Denmark and Norway. Duke of Schleswig (1699–1730) with Frederick IV (Gottorp) (1699–1702), Charles Frederick (Gottorp) (1702–1713). Duke of Holstein (1699–1730) with Frederick IV (Gottorp) (1699–1702), Charles Frederick (Gottorp) (1702–1730), Count of Oldenburg in personal union (1699–1730) as Frederick II . Married  firstly Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1667 – 1721) daughter of Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, secondly married morganatically and commiting bigamy Elisabeth Helene von Vieregg (1679 –1704) Created Countess of Antvorskov in 1703 and thirdly Anne Sophie Reventlow (1693 – 1743). See Denmark
  • Christian VI (1699 – 1746), King of Denmark and Norway. Duke of Holstein (1730–1746) with Charles Frederick (Gottorp) (1730–1739), Charles Peter Ulrich (Gottorp) (1739–1746), Count of Oldenburg in personal union (1730–1746) as Christian IX . Married Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1700 – 1770) daughter of Christian Heinrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach. The Ordre de l'Union Parfaite was created by Queen consort Sophie Magdalene of Denmark and Norway in 1732. See Denmark
  • Frederick V (1723 – 1766), King of Denmark and Norway. Duke of Holstein (1746–1766) with Charles Peter Ulrich (Gottorp) (1746–1762), Paul (Gottorp) (1762–1766), Count of Oldenburg in personal union (1746–1766) as Frederick III. Married firstly Louise of Great Britain (1724 – 1751) daughter of King George II of Great Britain and secondly Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (1729 – 1796) daughter of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. See Denmark
  • Christian VII (1749 – 1808), King of Denmark and Norway. Duke of Holstein (1766–1808) with Paul (Gottorp) (1766–1773), Count of Oldenburg in personal union (1766–1773) as Christian X. Ceded the County of Oldenburg to Holstein-Gottorp line. Married Caroline Matilda of Great Britain (1751 – 1775) daughter of Frederick, Prince of Wales. See Denmark
  • Paul (1754-1801) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp 1762-1773 and Emperor of Russia from 1796, Count of Oldenburg (1773). Married firstly Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt later Natalia Alexeievna, Tsarevna of Russia (1755 – 1776) daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and secondly Duchess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg later Maria Feodorovna (1759 – 1828) daughter of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. See Russia.

In 1773, the remaining lands of the duchy of Holstein were ceded to the King of Denmark. Paul received in compensation the lands of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst, which he transferred to Friedrich August, Duke of Holstein-Oldenburg.
 

Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

1544-1713

Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp

1720-1773

Emperors of Russia

1762-1918

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Adolf  (1526- 1586) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

  • Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp (1526- 1586) The first Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, third son of King Frederick I of Denmark. Married Christine (1543 – 1604) daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. Knight of the Garter.
  • Frederick II (1568 – 1587) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp.
  • Philip (1570 – 1590) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp.
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Johann Adolf (1575- 1616) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

  • Johann Adolf (1575- 1616) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp from 1590, Prince-Archbishop of Bremen 1589–1596 and Prince-Bishop of Lübeck 1586–1607 both as Lutheran Administrator. Married Princess Augusta of Denmark (1580 – 1639) daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark.
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Frederick III (1597 – 1659) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

  • Frederick III (1597 – 1659) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Married Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony (1610 – 1684) daughter of Elector John George I of Saxony.
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Christian Albrecht (1641-1695) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

  • Christian Albrecht (1641-1695) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp from 1639 and Bishop of Lübeck 1655 to 1666 as Lutheran Administrator. Married Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark (1649 – 1704) daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark. Knight of The Order of the Elephant
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Frederick IV (1671 –1702) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

  • Frederick IV (1671 –1702) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Married Hedvig Sophia Augusta of Sweden (1681 – 1708) daughter of Charles XI, King of Sweden
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Charles Frederick (1700- 1739) Duke of Schleswig and Duke of Holstein

  • Charles Frederick (1700- 1739) Duke of Schleswig from 1702-1713, Duke of Holstein from 1702-1739. Married Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia, Tsesarevna of Russia (1708 –1728) daughter of Peter I, Emperor of Russia. Founder of the Order of St. Anna in 1735.
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Karl Peter Ulrich later Peter III (1728-1762) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp

  • Karl Peter Ulrich later Peter III (1728-1762) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp from 1739 and Emperor of Russia in 1762. Married Sophia Augusta Frederica of Anhalt-Zerbst (later Catherine the Great) (1729 – 1796) daughter of Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst.
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Paul (1754-1801) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp

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Paul (1754-1801) Emperor of Russia

  • Paul (1754-1801) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp 1762-1773 and Emperor of Russia from 1796. Married firstly Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt later Natalia Alexeievna, Tsarevna of Russia (1755 – 1776) daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and secondly Duchess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg later Maria Feodorovna (1759 – 1828) daughter of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. See Russia.

In 1773, the remaining lands of the duchy of Holstein were ceded to the King of Denmark. Paul received in compensation the lands of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst, which he transferred to Friedrich August, Duke of Holstein-Oldenburg.

Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp, Princes of Eutin

1695-1773

Kings of Sweden

1751-1818

Count of Oldenburg

1773

Dukes of Oldenburg

1774-1823

Grand Dukes of Oldenburg

1815-1918

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Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp-Eutin

  • Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp-Eutin from in 1695, Prince Regent of Eutin, Prince-bishop of Lubeck from 1701 and Regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp from 1702 to 1708. Younger son of Christian Albrecht (1641-1695) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Married Margravine Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach (1682 – 1755) daughter of Frederick VII, Margrave of Baden-Durlach.
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Adolf Frederick (1710- 1771) Prince Regent of Eutin and Prince-bishop of Lübeck, King of Sweden

  • Adolf Frederick (1710- 1771) Prince Regent of Eutin and Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1727 to 1750, King of Sweden from 1751. Elder son of Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Eutin. See Sweden.
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Frederick Augustus I (1711-1785)  Duke of Oldenburg

  • Frederick Augustus I (1711-1785) Prince Regent of Eutin and Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1750 to 1785, Count of Oldenburg 1773, Duke of Oldenburg from 1774. Younger son of Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Eutin. Married Princess Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel (1722 –1787) daughter of Maximilian, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. Knight of The Order of St. Andrew
  • Peter Friedrich Wilhelm (1754 – 1823) Duke of Oldenburg. Due to mental illness, his cousin Peter, Prince-Bishop of Lübeck, acted as regent throughout his entire reign.
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Peter Frederick Louis later Peter I (1755 – 1829) Duke of Oldenburg

  • Peter Frederick Louis later Peter I (1755 – 1829) Lutheran Prince-Bishop of Lübeck from 1785 to 1803, Regent of Oldenburg for his cousin William I from 1785 to 1823, then Duke of Oldenburg. Married Duchess Frederica of Württemberg (1765 – 1785) daughter of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg. Knight of The Order of St. Andrew
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Paul Friedrich August I (1783- 1853) Grand Duke of Oldenburg

  • Paul Friedrich August I (1783- 1853) Grand Duke of Oldenburg. First to use the Grand Ducal title granted in 1815. Founder of the House and Merit Order of Peter Frederick Louis in 1838. Married firstly Princess Adelheid of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym  (1800 –1820) daughter of Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym, secondly Princess Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (1804 – 1828) younger sister of his first wife and thirdly Cecilia of Sweden (1807– 1844) daughter of Gustav IV Adolf, King of Sweden.
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Peter II (1827 – 1900) Grand Duke of Oldenburg

  • Peter II (1827 – 1900) Grand Duke of Oldenburg. Married Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg (1826–1896) daughter of Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
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Frederick Augustus II (1852 – 1931) Grand Duke of Oldenburg

  • Frederick Augustus II (1852 – 1931) Grand Duke of Oldenburg until 1918. Married firstly Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia (1857 – 1895) daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia and secondly Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1869 – 1955) daughter of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg.

 Notable members:

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Marie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (1678 – 1755) Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg

  • Marie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (1678 – 1755) Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg, daughter of Christian Albrecht (1641-1695) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Dame of the Order of St. Anna
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Hedwig Sophie Auguste of Holstein-Gottorp (1705 – 1764) Princess-Abbess of Herford

  • Hedwig Sophie Auguste of Holstein-Gottorp (1705 – 1764) Princess-Abbess of Herford, daughter of Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp-Eutin.

Prince-Bishops of Lübeck, Luthern Administrator

1586-1803

 

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Johann Adolf (1575- 1616) Prince-bishop of Lübeck

  • Johann Adolf (1575- 1616) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp from 1590, Prince-Archbishop of Bremen 1589 to 1596 and Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1586 to 1607 both as Lutheran Administrator. Married Princess Augusta of Denmark (1580 – 1639) daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark.
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John Frederick (15791634) Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, Prince-bishop of Lübeck and Prince-bishop of Verden

  • John Frederick (15791634) Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen 1596 to 1634, Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1607 to 1634  and Prince-bishop of Verden 1631 to 1634, all as Lutheran Administrator. Youngest son of Adolf (1526- 1586) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp.
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John X (1606 – 1655) Prince-bishop of Lübeck

  • John X (1606 – 1655) Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1634 to 1655 as Lutheran Administrator. Youngest son of Johann Adolf (1575- 1616) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Married Princess Julia Felicitas (1619-1661) daughter of Julius Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Weiltingen.

 

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Christian Albrecht (1641-1695) Prince-bishop of Lübeck

  • Christian Albrecht (1641-1695) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp from 1639 and Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1655 to 1666 as Lutheran Administrator. Married Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark (1649 – 1704) daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark. Knight of The Order of the Elephant
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August Frederick (1646-1705) Prince-bishop of Lübeck

  • August Frederick (1646-1705) Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1666 to 1705 as Lutheran Administrator. Married Christine of Saxe-Weissenfels (1656-1698) daughter of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt. Knight of The Order of the Elephant
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Christian August (1673 - 1726) Prince-bishop of Lubeck

  • Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Gottorp-Eutin from in 1695, Prince Regent of Eutin, Prince-bishop of Lubeck from 1705 and Regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp from 1702 to 1708. Younger son of Christian Albrecht (1641-1695) Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Married Margravine Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach (1682 – 1755) daughter of Frederick VII, Margrave of Baden-Durlach. Knight of The Order of the Elephant
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Charles August (1706-1727) Prince-bishop of Lübeck

  • Charles August (1706-1727) Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1726 to 1727.
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Adolf Frederick (1710- 1771) Prince Regent of Eutin and Prince-bishop of Lübeck, King of Sweden

  •  Adolf Frederick (1710- 1771) Prince Regent of Eutin and Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1727 to 1750, King of Sweden from 1751. Elder son of Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Eutin. See Sweden.
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Paul Friedrich August I (1783- 1853) Grand Duke of Oldenburg

  • Frederick Augustus I (1711-1785) Prince Regent of Eutin and Prince-bishop of Lübeck 1750 to 1785, Count of Oldenburg 1773, Duke of Oldenburg from 1774. Younger son of Christian August (1673 - 1726) Duke of Holstein-Eutin. Married Princess Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel (1722 –1787) daughter of Maximilian, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. Knight of The Order of St. Andrew
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Peter II (1827 – 1900) Grand Duke of Oldenburg

  • Peter Frederick Louis later Peter I (1755 – 1829) Lutheran Prince-Bishop of Lübeck from 1785 to 1803, Regent of Oldenburg for his cousin William I from 1785 to 1823, then Duke of Oldenburg. Married Duchess Frederica of Württemberg (1765 – 1785) daughter of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg. Knight of The Order of St. Andrew