House of Churchill
John Churchill of Muston
- John Churchill of Muston, Dorset (b. c. 1596)
Sir Winston Churchill of Minterne Magna
- Sir Winston Churchill of Minterne Magna, Dorset (1620–1688) In recognition of the first Sir Winston's services to King Charles I as Captain of the Horse, and his loyalty to King Charles II as a Member of Parliament he was awarded an augmentation of honour to his arms in 1662. His rare mark of royal favour took the form of a canton of St. George.
Sir Winston’s children were:
- Arabella Churchill ( 1648–1730), mistress of King James II and ancestress of the Dukes of Berwick, Alba and Fizjames.
- John Churchill, (1650–1722) 1st Duke of Marlborough
- George Churchill (1654–1710), Admiral of the Blue
- Charles Churchill (1656–1714), Lieutenant-General in the Army
Lord Churchill of Eyemouth in the Peerage of Scotland (1682-1722)
Baron Churchill of Sandridge in the Peerage of England (1685-1722)
Earl of Marlborough in the Peerage of England(1689-1722)
Dukes of Marlborough in the Peerage of England(1702)
Prince of the Holy Roman Empire (1704-1722)
Prince of Mindelheim (1705-1714)
1st Duke of Marlborough and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire KG
The Dukedom of Marlborough is the only dukedom in the United Kingdom that can still pass in the female line. The succession for the Dukedom is as follows:
- The heirs-male of the 1st Duke's body lawfully begotten;
- his eldest daughter and the heirs-male of her body lawfully begotten;
- his second and other daughters, in seniority, and the heirs-male of their bodies lawfully begotten;
- his eldest daughter's oldest daughter and the heirs male of her body lawfully begotten;
- all other daughters of his daughters and the heirs male of their bodies;
- and other descendants into the future in like fashion, with the intent that the Marlborough title never become extinct.
*Most of the families descended from these daughters quarter or quartered Churchill to show their claim to the dukedom, hence the arms of the extant Dukes of Buccleuch through the Montagus and extinct Dukes of Leeds through the Godolphins. In the unlikely event that the male line of the Spencers fails the dukedom would pass to the Villiers Earls of Jersey.
1st Lord Churchill of Eyemouth
1st Baron Churchill of Sandridge
- John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Marquess of Blandford, 1st Earl of Marlborough, 1st Lord Churchill of Eyemouth, 1st Baron Churchill of Sandridge, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and Prince of Mindelheim KG (1650 – 1722) On his death the Scottish Lordship of Churchill of Eyemouth and the Principality of the Holy Roman Empire became extinct.
Four surviving daughters:
1.Lady Henrietta Churchill, (1681–1733) 2nd Duchess of Marlborough, Countess of Godolphin.
2nd Duchess of Marlborough
- William Godolphin, (1700–1731) Marquess of Blandford
- Lady Mary Godolphin (1723–1764), married Thomas Osborne, 4th Duke of Leeds.
2.Lady Anne Churchill ( 1683–1716), Countess of Sunderland.
- Robert Spencer, (1701-1729) 4th Earl of Sunderland.
- Lady Anne Spencer ( 1702-1769). Married William Bateman, 1st Viscount Bateman, (descendants extinct).
- Charles Spencer, (1706 - 1758) 3rd Duke of Marlborough
- Hon. John Spencer ( 1708-1746). Father of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer
- Lady Diana Spencer ( 1710-1735). Married John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, (descendants extinct).
3.Lady Elizabeth Churchill (1687-1714), Countess of Bridgewater.
- Anne Egerton (d. 1762/1763). Married first Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford (no issue) and secondly William Villiers, 3rd Earl of Jersey (issue - Earls of Jersey).
4.Lady Mary Churchill (1689-1751), Duchess of Montagu.
- Mary Montagu (1711 - 1775). Married George Brudenell, 4th Earl of Cardigan and 1st Duke of Montagu (issue - Dukes of Buccleuch).
- Isabella Montagu, Countess of Beaulieu (d. 1786). Married first William Montagu, 2nd Duke of Manchester and secondly Edward Hussey-Montagu, 1st Earl of Beaulieu (no issue).